< MCMXCVII = 1997 >
Events in 1997
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|20 January:|| ||Martin Luther King Day is celebrated in the United States the third Monday each year since 1986.|
|27 January:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|7 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|23 February:|| ||Scientists in Scotland announce they have cloned a mammal, producing a lamb named Dolly.|
|13 March:|| ||A series of unexplained optical phenomena, later dubbed the “Phoenix Lights”, are seen by thousands of people including Arizona governor Fife Symington in the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada and the Mexican state of Sonora.|
|30 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|5 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|23 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|18 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|26 May:|| ||A report on federal treatment of Aboriginal children “Bringing Them Home” leads in Australia to the establisment of National Sorry Day.|
|30 June:|| ||“Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone”, the first of the seven Harry Potter novels by British author J.K. Rowling, is published in the United Kingdom.|
|1 July:|| ||The United Kingdom passes control over Hong Kong to China.|
|11 July:|| ||The first embryonic cell tissue transplant is performed in the United States to slow spinal cord damage in a paralyzed man.|
|10 October:|| ||Provisional IRA quartermaster general Michael McKevitt finds himself isolated when he calls for an end to the group's ceasefire, establishing the Real IRA the next month.|
|11 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|18 December:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1418 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1997
Andy Grove, Time Man of the Year.Bob Hope, Gerald Ford, Kees Stip, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama, Axl Rose and Louise Brown celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1997 was a common year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1902, 1913, 1919, 1930, 1941, 1947, 1958, 1969, 1975 and 1986 in the century before it and 2003, 2014, 2025, 2031, 2042, 2053, 2059, 2070, 2081 and 2087 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1997 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 22 May 2013.