< MCMXCI = 1991 >
Events in 1991
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|21 January:|| ||Martin Luther King Day is celebrated in the United States the third Monday each year since 1986.|
|14 February:|| ||The movie “The Silence of the Lambs”, based on the 1988 novel of the same title by Thomas Harris, is released in the United States.|
|15 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|4 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1411 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|30 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|31 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|3 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|19 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|10 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|15 June:|| ||Weeks of small earthquakes and eruptions culminate in one the largest eruptions in living memory when Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines sends ash clouds 34 km high and pyroclastic flows 16 km wide during a typhoon.|
|25 June:|| ||The former Yugoslav republic of Slovenia declares its independence.|
|6 Augustus:|| ||CERN scientist Tim Berners-Lee publishes the WorldWideWeb project on the alt.hypertext newsgroup.|
|8 Augustus:|| ||During maintenance works the Warsaw radio mast, the tallest structure in the world, collapses 646 metres to the ground.|
|7 September:|| ||Edwin McMillan, American physicist, the first to synthesize neptunium, the first transuranium element, 1951 Nobel laureate, dies in El Cerrito, Contra Costa County, California at age 62.|
|8 September:|| ||The former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia declares independence.|
|18 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|19 September:|| ||Ötzi, Europe's oldest human mummy at 5300 years of age, is discovered in the Ötztal Alps on the Austrian-Italian border, providing clues about the life of Europeans in the Copper Age.|
|9 November:|| ||Yves Montand, Italian-born French actor and singer, dies in Senlis, Oise at age 70.|
|24 November:|| ||Freddie Mercury, British singer and pop icon, dies in London at age 45, a day after announcing he was infected with HIV.|
|20 December:|| ||The movie “JFK” is released as a “countermyth” as director Oliver Stone put it.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1991
Ted Turner, Time Man of the Year.Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Bob Hope, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama, Axl Rose and Louise Brown celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1991 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1895, 1901, 1907, 1918, 1929, 1935, 1946, 1957, 1963, 1974 and 1985 in the century before it and 2002, 2013, 2019, 2030, 2041, 2047, 2058, 2069, 2075 and 2086 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1991 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 May 2013.