< MCMLXXXIX = 1989 >
Events in 1989
|3 January:|| ||Time magazine makes the endangered Earth its Planet of the Year 1988.|
|7 January:|| ||Hirohito, 124th emperor of Japan since 1926, dies in the Fukiage Palace in Tokyo at age 87, to be renamed emperor Shōwa.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|16 January:|| ||Martin Luther King Day is celebrated in the United States the third Monday each year since 1986.|
|20 January:|| ||George H.W. Bush is sworn in as the 41th president of the United States.|
|23 January:|| ||Salvador Dalí, Spanish surrealist painter, dies in his hometown Figueres at age 97.|
|6 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dragon makes way for the Year of the Snake.|
|15 February:|| ||The Soviet Union withdraws its forces from Afghanistan.|
|14 March:|| ||Staff and public at the San Francisco Exploratorium celebrate the first Pi Day with fruit pies in honour of 3.14.|
|25 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1409 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|26 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|5 April:|| ||The Polish Round Table Agreement between the Communist Party and the Solidarity movement is signed in Warsaw, realizing a shift in political power.|
|15 April:|| ||In China public mourning over the death of CPC general secretary Hu Yaobang, a supporter of political liberalization, turns into a series of mass demonstrations for democratic reform around the Tiananmen Square in Beijing.|
|15 April:|| ||Ninetyfour Liverpool FC fans are crushed to death at Hillsborough Stadium, the deadliest stadium-related disaster in British history.|
|21 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|24 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|14 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|4 June:|| ||The Tiananmen Square protests are crushed when tanks and troops of the Chinese army move into the streets of Beijing and clear the area using live fire, killing several hundred to thousands.|
|18 June:|| ||The government of Burma officially changes many English colonial names, including the name of the country to Myanmar.|
|1 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|16 July:|| ||Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor, dies in Anif south of Salzburg at age 81.|
|6 October:|| ||Bette Davis, American actress, dies in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, aged 81.|
|9 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|29 October:|| ||Christie's in New York auctions a 13th century prayerbook, palimpsested from a 10th century collection of unique treatises by Archimedes, for $2.000.000.|
|9 November:|| ||The East German government announces that its citizens are free to visit West Germany and West Berlin, the Berlin Wall falls.|
|23 November:|| ||Up to half a million people protest for democratic reform during the Velvet Revolution in Prague.|
|22 December:|| ||Samuel Beckett, Irish author, dies in Paris at age 83.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1989
Mikhail Gorbachev, Time Man of the Year.Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Edwin McMillan, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama, Axl Rose and Louise Brown celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1989 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1893, 1899, 1905, 1911, 1922, 1933, 1939, 1950, 1961, 1967 and 1978 in the century before it and 1995, 2006, 2017, 2023, 2034, 2045, 2051, 2062, 2073 and 2079 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1989 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 November 2017.