< MCMLXXXVIII = 1988 >
Events in 1988
|1 January:|| ||Premier Mikhail Gorbachev announces the policy of “perestroika” to restructure the economy and political system of the Soviet Union.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|18 January:|| ||Martin Luther King Day is celebrated in the United States the third Monday each year since 1986.|
|26 January:|| ||The musical “The Phantom of the Opera” by Andrew Lloyd Webber opens on Broadway following its premiere in the West End of London in 1986, overtaking “Cats” as the longest-running musical in Broadway history in 2006.|
|17 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rabbit makes room for the Year of the Dragon.|
|13 March:|| ||The Seikan Tunnel, the longest undersea tunnel in the world, opens between Aomori and Hakodate, connecting the two largest islands of Japan.|
|2 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|3 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|5 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1408 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|5 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|22 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|22 June:|| ||The combined live acted and animated movie “Who Framed Roger Rabbit” is released, ushering in an era of renewed interest in animation and what has been dubbed the Disney Renaissance of the 1990's.|
|12 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|11 Augustus:|| ||The terrorist group al-Qaeda al-Askariya is formed at a meeting attended by Bin Laden, Ayman al-Zawahiri and Dr Fadl in Peshawar, Pakistan.|
|21 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|8 October:|| ||Freddie Mercury and Montserrat Caballé sing “Barcelona” at the open air La Nit festival in Barcelona.|
|2 December:|| ||Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as prime minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to lead a predominantly Muslim state.|
|21 December:|| ||In a terror attack later claimed by Libia, Pan Am Flight 103 explodes in mid-air, killing all 259 on board as well as 11 people on the ground when the debris comes down in the populated area of Lockerbie, Scotland.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1988
The endangered Earth, Time Man of the Year.Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Samuel Beckett, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama, Axl Rose and Louise Brown celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1988 was a leap year starting on a Friday, just like 1892, 1904, 1932 and 1960 in the century before it and 2016, 2044 and 2072 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1988 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 May 2013.