< MCMLXXXV = 1985 >
Events in 1985
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|17 February:|| ||The movie version of George Orwell's “Nineteen Eighty-Four” is released in the United States following its premiere in the United Kingdom the previous year.|
|20 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|11 March:|| ||Three hours after the sudden death of comrade Chernenko the Politburo appoints Mikhail Gorbachev as the sixth General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.|
|28 March:|| ||Marc Chagall, Jewish Russian French artist, dies in Saint-Paul at age 97.|
|4 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|7 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|8 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1405 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|26 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|7 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|14 June:|| ||Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands sign a treaty to become a single zone with no passport border controls for internal travellers on a boat in the middle of the river Mosel near the French and German borders and the Luxembourgish village of Schengen.|
|2 July:|| ||Giotto, the first ESA deep space mission, is launched to fly by Comet Halley.|
|13 July:|| ||The Live Aid concert organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise funds for Ethiopia takes place simultaneously in London and Philadelphia, requiring more satellite linkups and reaching more television viewers than anything before, and collecting £150 million, 149 more than anticipated.|
|12 Augustus:|| ||A Japan Airlines Boeing 747 flying from Tokyo to Osaka suffers mechanical failures and crashes into Mount Takamagahara, the world's deadliest single-aircraft accident killing 520 out of 524 people on board.|
|14 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|18 September:|| ||The largest nuclear power plant in the world is commissioned between the Japanese towns of Kashiwazaki and Kariwa.|
|25 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|10 October:|| ||Orson Welles, American actor, director, screenwriter and producer, dies in Los Angeles at age 70.|
|13 November:|| ||The Colombian stratovolcano Nevado del Ruiz erupts, melting the mountain's glaciers and causing a lahar that buries nearby towns, particularly Armero, and kills 23000 people to become the second deadliest vulcano of the 20th century after the 1902 eruption of Mont Pelée.|
|20 November:|| ||Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1985
Deng Xiaoping, Time Man of the Year.Olof Palme, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Samuel Beckett, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama, Axl Rose and Louise Brown celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1985 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1889, 1895, 1901, 1907, 1918, 1929, 1935, 1946, 1957, 1963 and 1974 in the century before it and 1991, 2002, 2013, 2019, 2030, 2041, 2047, 2058, 2069 and 2075 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1985 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 June 2018.