< MCMLXXXIII = 1983 >
Events in 1983
|2 January:|| ||The song “Billie Jean” by Michael Jackson is released, becoming one of the best-selling singles of the year.|
|3 January:|| ||The Kīlauea volcano begins slowly erupting on the Big Island of Hawaii, and has not stopped today.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|13 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dog makes way for the Year of the Pig.|
|14 February:|| ||The song “Beat it” by Michael Jackson is released as a single.|
|11 March:|| ||The protest song “Sunday Bloody Sunday” by Irish band U2 is first released as a single in Germany and The Netherlands.|
|28 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|3 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|22 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|30 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1403 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|13 June:|| ||The Pioneer 10 probe becomes the first man-made object to cross the orbit of Neptune and leave the outer solar system.|
|29 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|1 July:|| ||Richard Buckminster Fuller, American futurist and inventor, dies in Los Angeles at age 87.|
|1 September:|| ||A civilian airplane carrying 269 passengers and crew from New York via Anchorage to Seoul is shot down over the Sea of Japan by Soviet interceptors after a navigational error, prompting American president Reagan to issue a directive making GPS freely available for civilian use.|
|5 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|17 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|19 September:|| ||Saint Kitts and Nevis, home to the first British and French Caribbean colonies, gain independence from the United Kingdom, making the island pair the smallest sovereign state in the Americas both in area and population.|
|24 September:|| ||American band The Red Hot Chili Peppers launch their first album.|
|21 October:|| ||The 17th General Conference on Weights and Measures redefines the metre as the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum in 1⁄299792458 second.|
|2 December:|| ||The 14-minute music video of “Michael Jackson's Thriller” is released.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|31 December:|| ||Brunei gains independence from the United Kingdom.|
People in 1983
Ronald Reagan and Yuri Andropov, Time Men of the Year.Olof Palme, Marc Chagall, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Samuel Beckett, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama, Axl Rose and Louise Brown celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1983 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1887, 1898, 1910, 1921, 1927, 1938, 1949, 1955, 1966 and 1977 in the century before it and 1994, 2005, 2011, 2022, 2033, 2039, 2050, 2061, 2067 and 2078 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1983 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 20 June 2013.