< MCMLXXXI = 1981 >
Events in 1981
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|19 January:|| ||The Algiers Accords end the year long Iranian hostage of 52 citizens in the American embassy in Tehran.|
|5 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Monkey makes way for the Year of the Rooster.|
|20 March:|| ||British rock band Queen plays for a record 200000 fans strong audience in São Paulo at the second concert of their first Latin American tour.|
|12 April:|| ||The first space shuttle Columbia is launched.|
|19 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|20 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|11 May:|| ||Bob Marley, Jamaican musician who popularized reggae music, dies of cancer at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Miami, Florida, aged 36.|
|13 May:|| ||Pope John Paul II survives an assassination attempt when Turkish sniper Mehmet Ali Ağca shoots him on the St. Peter's Square at Vatican City.|
|27 May:|| ||The musical epic “Les Uns et les Autres” by Claude Lelouch is released in France.|
|7 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|20 June:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1401 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|3 July:|| ||The New York Times for the first time mentions a disease that would later become known as AIDS.|
|20 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|1 Augustus:|| ||MTV: Music Television begins broadcasting in New York, introducing the concept of the VJ as invented by Merrill Aldighieri a few months before.|
|12 Augustus:|| ||IBM introduces the personal computer.|
|21 September:|| ||Belize gains independence from the United Kingdom.|
|26 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|6 October:|| ||Anwar Sadat, third president of Egypt since 1970, is assassinated by fundamentalist army officers in Cairo at age 62.|
|8 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|9 October:|| ||The last west European country to practice capital punishment, France abolishes the death penalty.|
|1 November:|| ||Antigua and Barbuda become a two-island nation independent from the United Kingdom, which settled the islands in 1632 and 1684.|
|11 November:|| ||Antigua and Barbuda joins the United Nations.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1981
Lech Wałęsa, Time Man of the Year.Olof Palme, Marc Chagall, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama, Axl Rose and Louise Brown celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1981 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1885, 1891, 1903, 1914, 1925, 1931, 1942, 1953, 1959 and 1970 in the century before it and 1987, 1998, 2009, 2015, 2026, 2037, 2043, 2054, 2065 and 2071 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1981 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 26 May 2017.