< MCMLXXX = 1980 >
Events in 1980
|5 January:|| ||Italian writer Umberto Eco's debut novel “Il nome della rosa” is published in Milan, translated as “The name of rose” in 1983.|
|7 January:|| ||Time announces its Man of the Year 1979 is Ayatullah Khomeini, leader of the Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|16 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ram makes room for the Year of the Monkey.|
|31 March:|| ||Jesse Owens, American athlete who ruled the 1936 Olympic Games with four gold medals and a black skin to embarrass Hitler, dies in Tucson, Arizona at age 66.|
|31 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|6 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|15 April:|| ||Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher and writer, dies in Paris at age 74.|
|29 April:|| ||Alfred Hitchcock, English filmmaker, dies in Bel Air, Los Angeles at age 80.|
|4 May:|| ||Tito, Croat-Slovene born revolutionary and statesman, first president of Yugoslavia, dies in Ljubljana at age 87.|
|8 May:|| ||The World Health Assembly confirms the global eradication of smallpox.|
|18 May:|| ||The largest and deadliest volcanic eruption ever on American ground occurs as Mount Saint Helens in Washington State unexpectedly erupts sideways, killing 57 people.|
|22 May:|| ||The arcade game Pakkuman, or Pac-Man in English, is released in Japan, selling a hundred thousand machines within the first year.|
|23 May:|| ||Stanley Kubrick's horror movie “The Shining” after the 1977 novel of the same title by Stephen King is released.|
|25 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|1 July:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1400 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|11 July:|| ||Of the 53 Americans who are held hostage in their embassy in Tehran since last November, one is released.|
|30 July:|| ||The Vanatu archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, administered by France and the United Kingdom since the 1880s, gains independence.|
|31 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|8 September:|| ||Willard Libby, American chemist who revolutionized archaeology with the development of radiocarbon dating in 1949, dies in Los Angeles at age 71.|
|20 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|23 September:|| ||Bob Marley concludes his final concert with “Get Up, Stand Up” at Stanley Theater in Pittsburgh.|
|24 September:|| ||British rock band Led Zeppelin is disbanded after the sudden death of drummer John Bonham.|
|7 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|12 November:|| ||The NASA space probe Voyager I makes its closest approach to Saturn and takes the first images of its rings.|
|8 December:|| ||John Lennon, lead singer of British band The Beatles, is shot and killed in New York at age 40.|
|24 December:|| ||Karl Dönitz, German admiral in World War II, Reichspräsident from 30 April to 23 May 1945 and the main negotiator of the surrender to the Allied forces, dies in Aumühle at age 89.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1980
Ronald Reagan, Time Man of the Year.Olof Palme, Marc Chagall, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama, Axl Rose and Louise Brown celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1980 was a leap year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1884, 1924 and 1952 in the century before it and 2008, 2036 and 2064 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1980 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 18 June 2013.