< MCMLXXVIII = 1978 >
Events in 1978
|14 January:|| ||Kurt Gödel, Austrian-born American mathematician and philosopher, dies in Princeton, New Jersey at age 71.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|7 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Snake makes room for the Year of the Horse.|
|26 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|22 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|30 April:|| ||After a bloody military coup communist leader Nur Mohammed Taraki proclaims the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.|
|14 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|7 July:|| ||The Solomon Islands gain independence from the United Kingdom.|
|23 July:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1398 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|25 July:|| ||Louise Brown, the first baby conceived by in vitro fertilization, is born at Oldham General Hospital in the United Kingdom.|
|6 Augustus:|| ||Paul VI, pope since 1963, dies at his summer residence in Castel Gandolfo south of Rome at age 80.|
|22 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|11 September:|| ||Janet Parker, photographer of University of Birmingham Medical School, aged 47 or 48, dies the last death from smallpox.|
|17 September:|| ||Egypt and Israel sign the Camp David Accords.|
|1 October:|| ||The Ellice Islands archipelago gains independence from Britain, changing its name to Tuvalu and becoming the smallest country on the planet after Vatican City.|
|9 October:|| ||Jacques Brel, Belgian singer, dies in Paris at age 49.|
|11 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|29 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|27 November:|| ||The Kurdish party Parti Karkerani Kurdistan PKK is founded in the Turkish city of Riha (Urfa).|
|15 December:|| ||The first movie of “Superman” is released in the United States.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1978
Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, Time Man of the Year.Olof Palme, Marc Chagall, Karl Dönitz, Tito, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Alfred Hitchcock, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama and Axl Rose celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1978 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1882, 1893, 1899, 1905, 1911, 1922, 1933, 1939, 1950, 1961 and 1967 in the century before it and 1989, 1995, 2006, 2017, 2023, 2034, 2045, 2051, 2062 and 2073 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1978 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 February 2018.