< MCMLXXVII = 1977 >
Events in 1977
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|31 January:|| ||President Giscard d’ Estaing opens the Centre Pompidou in Paris.|
|18 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dragon makes way for the Year of the Snake.|
|27 March:|| ||Two Boeing 747 aircraft collide on the runway of Los Rodeos Airport on the Canary island of Tenerife, the deadliest accident in aviation history with 583 fatalities.|
|4 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|10 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|25 May:|| ||“Star Wars”, the first of the six films by George Lucas comprosing the Star Wars saga and the second behind “Gone with the Wind” on the list of all-time inflation-adjusted box office hits, is released in the United States.|
|29 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|16 June:|| ||Wernher von Braun, German-born American rocket scientist, SS officer building V2's turned NASA engineer building concensus, dies in Alexandria, Virginia at age 65.|
|2 July:|| ||Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American author, dies in Montreux in Switzerland at age 78.|
|7 July:|| ||“The Spy Who Loved Me”, the tenth Bond film, is released in the United Kingdom.|
|3 Augustus:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1397 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|16 Augustus:|| ||Elvis Presley, American singer, all time best selling recording artist, dies in Memphis at age 42.|
|2 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|10 September:|| ||The last person to be legally executed in the then European Community, Tunisian immigrant and murderer Hamida Djandoubi is guillotined at Baumettes Prison in Marseille, France.|
|16 September:|| ||Maria Callas, American-born Greek soprano, dies of a heart attack in Paris at age 53.|
|22 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|26 October:|| ||Medical officials record the last naturally occurring case of smallpox in Somalia.|
|9 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|19 November:|| ||Egyptian president Sadat is the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, speaking before the Knesset in Jerusalem to express his desire for a permanent peace settlement.|
|14 December:|| ||The RSA public-key cryptography algorithm is patented by MIT researchers Rivest, Shamir and Adleman.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|25 December:|| ||Charlie Chaplin, English actor and film director, dies in Vaud, Switzerland at age 88.|
People in 1977
Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, Time Man of the Year.Janet Parker, Olof Palme, Marc Chagall, Karl Dönitz, Tito, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Paul VI, Alfred Hitchcock, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Albert Broccoli, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama and Axl Rose celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1977 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1881, 1887, 1898, 1910, 1921, 1927, 1938, 1949, 1955 and 1966 in the century before it and 1983, 1994, 2005, 2011, 2022, 2033, 2039, 2050, 2061 and 2067 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1977 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 June 2013.