< MCMLXXV = 1975 >
Events in 1975
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|11 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Tiger makes way for the Year of the Rabbit.|
|27 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|30 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|4 April:|| ||Childhood friends Paul Allen and Bill Gates establish a software company in Albuquerque, which they name MicroSoft in November.|
|5 April:|| ||Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese “Generalissimo”, dies in Taipei, Taiwan at age 87.|
|17 April:|| ||The Khmer Rouge takes the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh, with Communist Party general secretary Pol Pot becoming leader of the new regime.|
|30 April:|| ||The North Vietnamese capture Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, ending the Vietnam War with a communist victory and millions of lives destroyed after 19 years of fighting.|
|18 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|20 June:|| ||“Jaws” by Steven Spielberg is released, the best selling movie of the year.|
|5 July:|| ||Cape Verde becomes independent from Portugal.|
|25 Augustus:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1395 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|27 Augustus:|| ||Haile Selassie, emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974, dies in Addis Ababa at age 83.|
|15 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|16 September:|| ||Motorola researcher Martin Cooper patents a “Radio Telephone System”, the first mobile phone.|
|24 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|10 October:|| ||The Queen song “Bohemian Rhapsody” is released as a single in the United Kingdom, selling a million copies in the first three months.|
|11 November:|| ||Angola gains independence from Portugal.|
|12 November:|| ||The archipelago nation of the Comoros joins the United Nations.|
|19 November:|| ||The movie “One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest”, based on the 1962 novel of the same title by Ken Kesey, is released in the United States.|
|20 November:|| ||Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator since 1939, dies in Madrid at age 82 some weeks after falling in a coma.|
|26 November:|| ||The company name MicroSoft is registered in New Mexico by Bill Gates and Paul Allen.|
|1 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1975
American women, Time Man of the Year.Janet Parker, Olof Palme, Marc Chagall, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Agatha Christie, Karl Dönitz, Tito, Mao Zedong, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Paul VI, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Albert Broccoli, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama and Axl Rose celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1975 was a common year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1879, 1890, 1902, 1913, 1919, 1930, 1941, 1947, 1958 and 1969 in the century before it and 1986, 1997, 2003, 2014, 2025, 2031, 2042, 2053, 2059 and 2070 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1975 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 July 2017.