< MCMLXXIV = 1974 >
Events in 1974
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|18 January:|| ||American Secretary of State Henry Kissinger negotiates a partial Israeli troop withdrawal from the Sinai, convincing the Arab oil producing nations to lift their embargo two months later.|
|23 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ox makes room for the Year of the Tiger.|
|2 February:|| ||The General Dynamics F-16 “Fighting Falcon” makes its first flight.|
|5 February:|| ||The NASA probe Mariner 10 passes by Venus on its way to Mercury, the first time a spacecraft uses the gravitational slingshot effect to reach another planet.|
|4 March:|| ||The ABBA song “Waterloo” is released, their first multinational number one hit and their ticket to stardom at the Eurovision Song Contest in April.|
|6 March:|| ||French prime minister Pierre Messmer unexpectedly announces the “Messmer Plan” aimed at generating all of France's electricity from nuclear power, with construction of the first three reactors starting the same year and opening 56 plants in the next 15 years.|
|29 March:|| ||The NASA probe Mariner 10 makes the first flyby of Mercury.|
|6 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|14 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|25 April:|| ||A military coup in Lisbon, known as the Carnation Revolution, turns Portugal from an authoritarian dictatorship into a democracy.|
|18 May:|| ||After four years of construction work the Warsaw radio mast is the world's tallest structure at 646.38 metres for broadcasts in Europe, Africa and across the Atlantic; in 1991 it collapses, but still the only thing taller ever built is the Burj Khalifa in 2004-10.|
|18 May:|| ||India tests its first atomic bomb, Smiling Buddha, becoming the first country outside the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council to go nuclear.|
|2 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|22 June:|| ||Chicago reclaims the tallest building in the world from New York at the opening of the 527 m high Sears Tower, losing the title again in 1998 to the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur.|
|24 July:|| ||James Chadwick, English physisist who proved the existence of neutrons in 1932, dies in Cambridge at age 82.|
|8 Augustus:|| ||Richard Nixon announces his resignation as American president following the Watergate scandal during a nationally televised broadcast.|
|26 Augustus:|| ||Charles Lindbergh, American aviator, dies on the Hawaiian island of Maui at age 72.|
|5 September:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1394 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|26 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|5 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|24 November:|| ||The fossilized remains of a 3.2 million years old Australopithecus afarensis are found in the Awash valley in Ethiopia and named Lucy after the Beatles song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds”, a tape of which was a favourite in the paleoanthropologist camp.|
|25 November:|| ||U Thant, Burmese diplomat, third Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1961 to 1971, dies in New York at age 65.|
|12 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|19 December:|| ||“The Man with the Golden Gun”, the ninth Bond film, is released in the United Kingdom.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1974
Saudi king Faisal, Time Man of the Year.Janet Parker, Olof Palme, Marc Chagall, Chiang Kai-shek, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Agatha Christie, Karl Dönitz, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Paul VI, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Albert Broccoli, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama and Axl Rose celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1974 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1878, 1889, 1895, 1901, 1907, 1918, 1929, 1935, 1946, 1957 and 1963 in the century before it and 1985, 1991, 2002, 2013, 2019, 2030, 2041, 2047, 2058 and 2069 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1974 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 November 2017.