< MCMLXXII = 1972 >
Events in 1972
|13 January:|| ||“A Clockwork Orange”, Kubrick's movie version of Anthony Burgess's 1962 novel of the same title, opens in the United Kingdom a month after its American release, only to be withdrawn by Kubrick himself when the violence in the film breads violence in the cinemas.|
|14 January:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|30 January:|| ||Bloody Sunday: Twenty-six unarmed civil rights protesters are shot by soldiers of the British Army in Derry in Northern Ireland.|
|15 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Pig makes room for the Year of the Rat.|
|21 February:|| ||American president Richard Nixon meets Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong in Beijing at the start of a week long visit to China.|
|3 March:|| ||Pioneer 10 is launched from Cape Canaveral, becoming the fastest man-made object at 51682 km/h just 17 minutes after take-off.|
|15 March:|| ||The movie “The Godfather” directed by Francis Ford Coppola is released in the United States.|
|27 March:|| ||M.C. Escher, Dutch artist, dies in Hilverum at age 73.|
|29 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|2 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|21 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|22 May:|| ||The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is proclaimed, replacing the Dominion of Ceylon.|
|30 June:|| ||For the first time since its invention in 1968 a leap second is added to the UTC time system.|
|5 September:|| ||Eleven Israeli athletes, a West German police officer and five members of the Palestinian terrorist group Black September die during a failed rescue operation to end the hostage of the sportsmen at the Olympics Games in Munich.|
|18 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|26 September:|| ||Swedish music group ABBA begin sessions for the recording of their first album.|
|26 September:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1392 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|1 October:|| ||Louis Leakey, British archaeologist who did much to further the understanding of human evolutionary development in Africa, dies in London at age 69.|
|11 October:|| ||The song “Imagine” by John Lennon is released in the United States, reaching the third place in the charts.|
|26 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|4 December:|| ||The Pioneer 10 spacecraft reaches Jupiter.|
|7 December:|| ||Apollo 17, the last manned mission to the moon, takes off from Kennedy Space Center.|
|19 December:|| ||Apollo 17 returns to Earth after making pilot Ron Evans, pilot Harrison Schmitt and finally commander Eugene Cernan the last humans on the Moon.|
|23 December:|| ||Andrei Tupolev, pioneering Russian Soviet aircraft designer, dies in Moscow at age 84.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|26 December:|| ||Harry S. Truman, the 33rd president of the United States, dies in Missouri Kansas City at age 88.|
People in 1972
Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger, Time Men of the Year.Janet Parker, Olof Palme, Pablo Picasso, David Ben-Gurion, Marc Chagall, Chiang Kai-shek, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Agatha Christie, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Paul VI, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Belcampo, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama and Axl Rose celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1972 was a leap year starting on a Saturday, just like 1876, 1916 and 1944 in the century before it and 2000, 2028 and 2056 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1972 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 21 May 2013.