< MCMLXXI = 1971 >
Events in 1971
|11 January:|| ||The nickname “Silicon Valley” for Santa Clara Valley in California is first used in print in the weekly trade newspaper Electronic News.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|24 January:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|27 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dog makes way for the Year of the Pig.|
|5 February:|| ||The musical play “Grease” or originally “Grease Lightning” by Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey opens at the Kingston Mines Theatre in Chicago, going on to break Broadway and film records in the following years.|
|8 February:|| ||NASDAQ, the world's first electronic stock exchange, starts operations.|
|15 February:|| ||The United Kingdom and Ireland adopt the decimal system for their currencies.|
|26 March:|| ||East Pakistan proclaims its independence, taking the name Bangladesh.|
|6 April:|| ||Igor Stravinsky, Russian-born, naturalised French, then naturalised American composer, dies in New York at age 88.|
|10 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|11 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|30 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|3 July:|| ||Jim Morrison, lead singer of American band The Doors, dies in a bathtub in his Paris appertment at age 27.|
|19 July:|| ||The South Tower of the World Trade Center in New York reaches its final height of 415 metres, seven months after the North Tower.|
|31 July:|| ||The Apollo 15 astronauts are the first to ride in a lunar roving vehicle.|
|6 Augustus:|| ||The seventh James Bond movie “Diamonds are Forever” is released in the United States.|
|10 Augustus:|| ||The first six Mr. Men books by Roger Hargreaves are published: Mr. Tickle, Mr. Greedy, Mr. Nosey, Mr. Happy, Mr. Bump and Mr. Sneeze.|
|15 Augustus:|| ||The United States unilaterally terminates the direct convertibility of the dollar to gold, ending the international financial Bretton Woods system existing since WWII.|
|4 September:|| ||Inhabitants of Christianshavn in Copenhagen break down a fence surrounding an area of abandonned military barracks to create a children's playing ground, followed by the foundation of Freetown Christiania three weeks later.|
|11 September:|| ||Nikita Khrushchev, succeeding Stalin as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, dies in Moscow at age 77.|
|15 September:|| ||The recently founded Don't Make a Wave Committee sends the chartered fishing vessel Phyllis Cormack from Vancouver to Alaska to oppose US nuclear tests, renaming the boat and later itself Greenpeace.|
|21 September:|| ||Bahrain, Bhutan and Qatar join the United Nations.|
|29 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|8 October:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1391 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|25 October:|| ||Resolution 2758 recognizes the ambassador of the People's Republic of China as “the only legitimate representative of China” and expells the representatives of Chiang Kai-shek “from the place which they unlawfully occupy at the United Nations”.|
|7 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|13 November:|| ||The NASA probe Mariner 9 becomes the first spacecraft to orbit another planet when it is caught in the Martian gravity field, beating the Soviet probes Mars 2 and 3 by less than a month.|
|19 December:|| ||“A Clockwork Orange”, Stanley Kubrick's movie version of Anthony Burgess's 1962 novel of the same title, is released in the United States.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1971
Richard Nixon, Time Man of the Year.Janet Parker, Olof Palme, Pablo Picasso, Harry S. Truman, David Ben-Gurion, Marc Chagall, Chiang Kai-shek, Andrei Tupolev, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Agatha Christie, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama and Axl Rose celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1971 was a common year starting on a Friday, just like 1875, 1886, 1897, 1909, 1915, 1926, 1937, 1943, 1954 and 1965 in the century before it and 1982, 1993, 1999, 2010, 2021, 2027, 2038, 2049, 2055 and 2066 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1971 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 27 June 2017.