< MCMLXVIII = 1968 >
Events in 1968
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|30 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ram makes room for the Year of the Monkey.|
|31 January:|| ||Naura gains independence from Australian, New Zealand, and British-administered U.N. trusteeship to become one of the smallest countries on the planet with less than 15000 inhabitants.|
|26 February:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|13 March:|| ||The oil field of Prudhoe Bay is discovered in Alaska, soon found to be the largest oil well in North America.|
|27 March:|| ||Yuri Gagarin, Russian pilot and cosmonaut, first person in outer space, crashes and dies during a routine MIG training mission near the town of Kirzhach at age 34.|
|4 April:|| ||Martin Luther King, American civil rights activist, is shot and killed in Memphis, Tennessee at age 39.|
|4 April:|| ||Stanley Kubrick's movie “2001: A Space Odyssey” opens at the Warner Cinerama Theatre in Hollywood and Loew's Capitol in New York.|
|13 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|14 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|2 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|7 June:|| ||Legoland, the first and largest of the four existing Lego-themed parks, opens in Billund, Denmark.|
|23 June:|| ||At the parliamentary elections in France, held early following widespread unrest in May, the ruling Gaullist party emerges even stronger than before.|
|26 June:|| ||Pope Paul VI announces he believes that the relics of Saint Peter have been archeologically identified six years after a box was found in a Roman necropolis under St. Peter's Basilica, containing bones covered with a gold and purple cloth.|
|18 July:|| ||Intel is founded as Integrated Electronics Corporation by Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce in Mountain View, California.|
|28 July:|| ||Otto Hahn, German chemist, the first to split an atomic nucleus in 1938, considered the father of the atomic age, dies in Göttingen at age 89.|
|21 Augustus:|| ||Tanks of the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact members invade Czechoslovakia to quell the “Prague Spring” of democratic reform growing since the 4th Czechoslovakian Writers' Congress held in the city in 1967.|
|2 October:|| ||Police and army forces massacre possibly hundreds of protesters in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas in the Tlatelolco section of Mexico City.|
|2 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|14 October:|| ||Five weeks after its first live concert English rock band The New Yardbirds changes its name to Led Zeppelin.|
|9 November:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1388 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|18 November:|| ||McDonald's files a US trademark for the double arched M symbol.|
|9 December:|| ||Doug Engelbart presents the computer mouse, email, hypertext and a host of other inventions at the Fall Joint Computer Conference in San Francisco in the 90-minute “Mother of All Demos”.|
|9 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|21 December:|| ||At 12:51 UTC Apollo 8 takes off to escape Earth's gravity and bring three American astronauts to the far side of the moon and back ahead of a possible landing mission.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|27 December:|| ||Apollo 8 comes back to Earth after orbiting the Moon ten times, proving that man can escape the gravitational field of an astronomical body, be captured by the gravity of another, and return.|
|30 December:|| ||Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician, first Secretary-General of the United Nations, dies in Geilo at age 72.|
|31 December:|| ||The first supersonic passenger airplane, a prototype of the Tupolev Tu-144 after stolen blueprints from the Concorde under development in France and Britain, flies near Moscow, two months before the first Concorde flight.|
People in 1968
The Apollo 8 astronauts, Time Men of the Year.Janet Parker, Olof Palme, Bertrand Russell, Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, Harry S. Truman, David Ben-Gurion, Marc Chagall, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Arthur C. Clarke, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Diego Maradona, Barack Obama and Axl Rose celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1968 was a leap year starting on a Monday, just like 1872, 1912 and 1940 in the century before it and 1996, 2024 and 2052 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1968 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 21 January 2018.