< MCMLXI = 1961 >
Events in 1961
|4 January:|| ||Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist whose Schrödinger equation won him the 1933 Nobel Prize, dies in Vienna at age 73.|
|7 January:|| ||The first episode of the British television series “The Avengers” is aired in the United Kingdom.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|20 January:|| ||John F. Kennedy is sworn in as the 35th president of the United States.|
|4 February:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1380 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|15 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|24 February:|| ||British archaeologist Louis Leakey finds the first fossil of Homo habilis, the “Handy Man”, in the Olduvai Gorge in Kenya.|
|6 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|27 March:|| ||“Thunderball” is the ninth novel in Ian Fleming's James Bond series.|
|1 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|2 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|12 April:|| ||Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, aged 27, becomes the first human in space, orbiting the Earth in 1 hour and 48 minutes on board the Vostok I spacecraft.|
|17 April:|| ||A failed invasion via the Bay of Pigs on Cuba by CIA trained troops wanting to overthrow Castro makes the Cold War rather hot.|
|29 April:|| ||The World Wide Fund for Nature is founded as the World Wildlife Fund in Switzerland.|
|5 May:|| ||A month after Yuri Gagarin, Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space.|
|13 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|21 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|25 May:|| ||American president John F. Kennedy announces his goal to put “a man on the Moon” before the end of the decade.|
|6 June:|| ||Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist and author, dies in Zurich at age 85.|
|25 July:|| ||Nescio, Dutch writer, dies in Hilversum at age 79.|
|4 Augustus:|| ||Barack Obama, 44th president of the United States, is born in Honolulu, Hawaï.|
|13 Augustus:|| ||The German Democratic Republic starts building a wall to separate West Berlin from the East.|
|11 September:|| ||The World Wildlife Fund opens its first office in Morges, Switzerland.|
|18 September:|| ||Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish diplomat, second Secretary-General of the United Nations since 1953, dies in a plane crash near Ndola in Rhodesia at age 56.|
|20 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|27 September:|| ||Sierra Leone joins the United Nations.|
|28 September:|| ||Syria secedes from the United Arab Republic, leaving the name to Egypt alone for another ten years.|
|18 October:|| ||The movie “West Side Story” by Robert Wise is released in the Unites States.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1961
John F. Kennedy, Time Man of the Year.Janet Parker, Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Hermann Hesse, Otto Hahn, Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna, Michael Jackson and Diego Maradona celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1961 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1865, 1871, 1882, 1893, 1899, 1905, 1911, 1922, 1933, 1939 and 1950 in the century before it and 1967, 1978, 1989, 1995, 2006, 2017, 2023, 2034, 2045 and 2051 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1961 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 17 August 2017.