< MCMLX = 1960 >
Events in 1960
|1 January:|| ||Cameroon gains independence from its French stewardship under U.N. direction.|
|4 January:|| ||Albert Camus, French Algerian author, Nobel Prize laureate in 1957, dies in a car crash in the village of Villeblevin at age 46.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|22 January:|| ||Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh descend 10916 meters into the Mariana Trench in the bathyscaphe Trieste, the first (and so far only) humans to reach the lowest spot on Earth.|
|28 January:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Pig makes room for the Year of the Rat.|
|5 February:|| ||The first CERN particle accelerator becomes operational in Geneva.|
|13 February:|| ||France tests its first atomic bomb.|
|15 February:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1379 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|3 March:|| ||Elvis Presley returns home after spending two years on duty in Germany.|
|16 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|21 March:|| ||In Sharpeville, South Africa 69 people die when the police opens fire on a crowd of demonstrators.|
|11 April:|| ||English spy author Ian Fleming publishes a collection of 007 short stories “For Your Eyes Only”.|
|11 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|17 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|16 May:|| ||American physicist Theodore Maiman demonstrates the fist laser using an artificial ruby crystal at the Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California.|
|23 May:|| ||At 14:11 local time a 9.5 earthquake hits Valdivia in Chile, the largest quake ever recorded, killing an estimated 3000 to 6000 people.|
|23 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|31 May:|| ||Willem Elsschot, Belgian author, dies in Antwerp at age 78.|
|5 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|16 June:|| ||The Hitchcock thriller “Psycho” is released in the United States.|
|5 Augustus:|| ||Upper Volta in western Africa gains independence from France, renamed Burkina Faso in 1984.|
|6 Augustus:|| ||American military pilot Joseph Kittinger ascends in a balloon to 31300 m, then jumps and falls for four minutes and 36 seconds, reaching 988 km/h, before opening his parachute, setting four world records which all still stand today.|
|17 Augustus:|| ||The former colony Gabon gains independence from France.|
|1 October:|| ||Nigeria, a British protectorate since 1901 and autonomous federation since 1954, gains independence.|
|1 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|7 October:|| ||The Stanley Kubrick movie “Spartacus”, starring Kirk Douglas and Laurence Olivier, is released in the United States.|
|14 October:|| ||At the 11th General Conference on Weights and Measures the metre is redefined as 1650763.73 wavelengths of the orange emission line in the electromagnetic spectrum of the transition between the 2p10 and 5d5 quantum levels of the krypton-86 atom in a vacuum.|
|30 October:|| ||Diego Maradona, Argentine football player, is born in Lanús.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1960
American scientists, Time Men of the Year.Janet Parker, Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Carl Jung, Hermann Hesse, Otto Hahn, Pablo Picasso, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna and Michael Jackson celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1960 was a leap year starting on a Friday, just like 1864, 1892, 1904 and 1932 in the century before it and 1988, 2016 and 2044 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1960 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 27 July 2017.