< MCMLIX = 1959 >
Events in 1959
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|8 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dog makes way for the Year of the Pig.|
|16 February:|| ||Fidel Castro is made prime minister of Cuba.|
|26 February:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1378 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|10 March:|| ||An uprising in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, against the control of the Communist Party of China established in 1951, begins years of violence.|
|23 March:|| ||“Goldfinger” is the seventh James Bond novel by British spy author Ian Fleming.|
|28 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|29 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|30 March:|| ||Fearing for his safety in the Tibetan uprising, the Dalai Lama crosses the border into India for a life in exile, followed by 80000 refugees.|
|24 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|17 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|3 June:|| ||Singapore becomes a self-governing state within the Commonwealth, unilaterally declaring complete independence four years later.|
|4 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|31 July:|| ||The Euskadi Ta Askatasuna ETA is formed to fight for the “Basque Homeland and Freedom”.|
|17 Augustus:|| ||The all time best selling jazz record “Kind of Blue” by Miles Davis is released in the Unites States.|
|21 Augustus:|| ||Hawaii, an archipelago comprising hundreds of mostly uninhabited islands spread over 1500 miles (2400 km) in the Pacific, is admitted as the 50th state of the United States.|
|14 September:|| ||The first man-made object to reach the moon, the Soviet Luna 2 spacecraft, impacts the lunar surface.|
|26 September:|| ||The first battle between the Communist and South Vietnamese army marks the outbreak of the Vietnam War.|
|4 October:|| ||The Russian Luna 3 spacecraft takes the first pictures of the dark side of the moon.|
|12 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|29 October:|| ||The first adventure of comic character Asterix the Gaulish warrior appears in the first issue of French magazine Pilote.|
|16 November:|| ||The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical “The Sound of Music” opens at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre on Broadway.|
|18 November:|| ||The movie “Ben-Hur”, based on the novel of the same title by Lew Wallace, is released in the United States.|
|1 December:|| ||Dutch computer scientist Edsger Dijkstra publishes his shortest path algorithm in the first issue of the journal Numerische Mathematik.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1959
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Time Man of the Year.Janet Parker, Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Hermann Hesse, Otto Hahn, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee, Bill Gates, Osama bin Laden, Madonna and Michael Jackson celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1959 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1863, 1874, 1885, 1891, 1903, 1914, 1925, 1931, 1942 and 1953 in the century before it and 1970, 1981, 1987, 1998, 2009, 2015, 2026, 2037, 2043 and 2054 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1959 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 March 2017.