< MCMLVII = 1957 >
Events in 1957
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|31 January:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Monkey makes way for the Year of the Rooster.|
|8 February:|| ||John von Neumann, Hungarian-born American mathematician, dies of cancer at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington at age 53.|
|27 February:|| ||Mao's speech “On the Correct Handling of the Contradictions Among the People” is published, announcing the Hundred Flowers Movement of invited critisism and free speech, ending in July with the arrest of millions of critics.|
|6 March:|| ||The Gold Coast, established as a colony of the United Kingdom in 1874, gains independence, the first sub-Saharan nation to do so, naming itself after the ancient empire of Ghana.|
|10 March:|| ||Osama bin Laden, founder of the al-Qaeda terrorist organization, is born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.|
|19 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1376 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|22 March:|| ||The Indian government adopts the National Calendar of India as a compromise between the Gregorian calendar and a variety of religious calendars, making this equinox 1 Caitra in the year 1879 of the Saka Era.|
|25 March:|| ||The Treaties of Rome establishing the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community are signed by the six founding members of the EU.|
|8 April:|| ||British spy author Ian Fleming publishes the fifth James Bond novel “From Russia, with Love”.|
|15 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|18 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|21 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|9 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|25 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|21 Augustus:|| ||The Russians test the R-7 Semyorka rocket, which flies 6000 km, becoming the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile ICBM.|
|26 September:|| ||The “West Side Story” musical opens at the Winter Garden Theatre on Broadway.|
|2 October:|| ||The British movie “The Bridge on the River Kwai” is released, according to worldwide cinema visits the most popular movie of the year.|
|3 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|4 October:|| ||Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth, is launched by the Soviet Union.|
|10 October:|| ||Fire breaks out in the Windscale nuclear power plant near Sellafield in the United Kingdom, releasing unknown amounts of radioactive iodine 131 vapour into the air.|
|17 October:|| ||The movie musical “Jailhouse Rock” starring Elvis Presley in his third film is released in the United States.|
|3 November:|| ||The Russian dog Laika is the first living being to enter outer space when the Sputnik 2 rocket goes reaches orbit, and the first to die in space.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1957
Nikita Khrushchev, Time Man of the Year.Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Hermann Hesse, Otto Hahn, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee and Bill Gates celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1957 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1861, 1867, 1878, 1889, 1895, 1901, 1907, 1918, 1929, 1935 and 1946 in the century before it and 1963, 1974, 1985, 1991, 2002, 2013, 2019, 2030, 2041 and 2047 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1957 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 May 2013.