< MCMLVI = 1956 >
Events in 1956
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|12 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ram makes room for the Year of the Monkey.|
|26 March:|| ||“Diamonds Are Forever” is the fourth James Bond novel by spy author Ian Fleming.|
|26 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|30 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1375 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|1 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|5 April:|| ||Fidel Castro declares war in Cuba.|
|17 April:|| ||The 25 m diameter single dish telescope of Dwingeloo in the Netherlands is opened as the largest radio telescope in the world.|
|29 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|4 May:|| ||The Dutch National Monument is unveiled on the Dam Square in Amsterdam, commemorating the victims of World War II.|
|20 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|24 May:|| ||The first Eurovision Song Contest, held between seven countries in Lugano, is won by the host Switzerland.|
|6 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|1 September:|| ||The first cinema film version of George Orwell's “1984” is released in the United States.|
|15 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|5 October:|| ||“The Ten Commandments”, directed by Cecil B. DeMille and starring Charlton Heston as Moses, is premiered in New York.|
|15 October:|| ||The programming language FORTRAN is introduced to the public.|
|17 October:|| ||The first commercial nuclear power station is opened by British queen Elizabeth II in Sellafield, Cumbria.|
|23 October:|| ||The State Security Police in the Parliament building in Budapest fires upon students demonstrating outside, provoking the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.|
|4 November:|| ||A large Soviet force invades Budapest and other parts of Hungary to crush the nationwide uprising.|
|10 November:|| ||The Hungarian Revolution is crushed when the resistance to Soviet power ends.|
|12 November:|| ||Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia join the United Nations.|
|18 December:|| ||Japan joins the United Nations.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1956
The Hungarian freedom fighter, Time Man of the Year.Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Hermann Hesse, Otto Hahn, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Berners-Lee and Bill Gates celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1956 was a leap year starting on a Sunday, just like 1860, 1888 and 1928 in the century before it and 1984, 2012 and 2040 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1956 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 June 2013.