< MCMLV = 1955 >
Events in 1955
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|17 January:|| ||USS “Nautilus”, the first nuclear-powered submarine, makes her maiden voyage at sea.|
|24 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|18 March:|| ||Albert Einstein, German-Swiss-American theoretical physicist, dies in Princeton at age 76.|
|7 April:|| ||“Moonraker”, the third James Bond novel by spy author Ian Fleming, is published.|
|7 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|10 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|10 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1374 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|15 April:|| ||The McDonald's restaturant chain is founded in Illinois to capitalize on the “Speedee Service System” introduced in 1948 by Richard and Maurice McDonald.|
|10 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|29 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|8 June:|| ||Tim Berners-Lee, British computer scientist, credited with inventing the internet, is born in London.|
|13 July:|| ||Ruth Ellis, convicted of murdering her lover, is hanged at Holloway Prison, London, aged 28, the last execution by the United Kingdom.|
|17 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|18 July:|| ||Disneyland opens in Anaheim, California.|
|2 Augustus:|| ||Wallace Stevens, American poet, dies in Hartford, Connecticut at age 75.|
|12 Augustus:|| ||Thomas Mann, German author, Nobel Prize laureate in 1929, dies in Zürich, Switzerland at age 80.|
|27 Augustus:|| ||The first edition of the Guinness Book of Records is published in London, reaching the top of the British bestseller list by Christmas.|
|28 Augustus:|| ||Mogens von Haven makes the first World Press Photo of the Year of a motorcycle crash at Volk Mølle Racetrack in Randers, Denmark.|
|26 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|2 October:|| ||The ENIAC is retired after ten years of supercomputing, estimated to have done more arithmetic than all mankind up to 1945.|
|18 October:|| ||José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher, dies in Madrid at age 72.|
|20 October:|| ||Tolkien's “The Return of the King” is published, concluding the Lords of the Rings trilogy.|
|28 October:|| ||Bill Gates, cofounder and chairman of Microsoft, named the richest man in the world in 1995, is born in Seattle.|
|1 November:|| ||The reorganization of the US Military Assistance Advisory Group Indochina and creation of the Group Vietnam are seen as the beginning of the Vietnam War.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1955
Harlow Curtice, Time Man of the Year.Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Hermann Hesse, Otto Hahn, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Benazir Bhutto and Oprah Winfrey celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1955 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1859, 1870, 1881, 1887, 1898, 1910, 1921, 1927, 1938 and 1949 in the century before it and 1966, 1977, 1983, 1994, 2005, 2011, 2022, 2033, 2039 and 2050 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1955 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 July 2018.