< MCMLIV = 1954 >
Events in 1954
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|21 January:|| ||USS “Nautilus”, the first nuclear-powered submarine, named after the submarine in Jules Verne's Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, makes her maiden voyage in the Thames River in Connecticut.|
|29 January:|| ||Oprah Winfrey, American television host, trendsetter by profession, called “arguably the world's most powerful woman” by CNN and Time for her art of breaking taboos such as homosexuality and her early endorsement of presidential candidate Barack Obama, is born Orpah Gail Winfrey in Kosciusko, Mississippi.|
|3 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Snake makes room for the Year of the Horse.|
|1 March:|| ||The United States tests the most powerful nuclear device ever as Castle Bravo explodes at the Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands, causing international outrage when the blast—supposed to be a secret—is three times bigger than expected and a Japanese fisherboat many miles outside the danger zone is contaminated.|
|5 April:|| ||“Live and Let Die” is the second James Bond novel by spy author Ian Fleming.|
|10 April:|| ||Auguste Lumière, French movie pioneer, dies in Lyon at age 91.|
|11 April:|| ||P.N. van Eyck, Dutch poet, dies in Wassenaar at age 66.|
|12 April:|| ||Bill Haley & His Comets record “Rock Around the Clock” in the Pythian Temple in New York.|
|18 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|19 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|21 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1373 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|21 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|1 June:|| ||In Obninsk, southwest of Moscow, the first civilian nuclear power plant in the world starts generating electricity.|
|6 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|26 June:|| ||In Obninsk, southwest of Moscow, the first civilian nuclear power station in the world is connected to the electricity grid.|
|6 July:|| ||Alan Turing, English mathematician and computer scientist, dies in Wilmslow at age 41, apparently by suicide.|
|28 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|29 July:|| ||Tolkien's “The Fellowship of the Ring” is published in the United Kingdom, the first title in his Lords of the Rings trilogy.|
|29 September:|| ||Twelve European countries establish the Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire CERN.|
|7 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|11 November:|| ||Tolkien's “The Two Towers” is published, the second title in the Lord of the Rings trilogy.|
|28 November:|| ||Enrico Fermi, Italian-American physicist, “father of the nuclear reactor”, dies in Chicago at age 53.|
|12 December:|| ||The BBC stages a live televison version of George Orwell's “Nineteen Eighty-Four”.|
|23 December:|| ||The first kidney transplantation is performed between identical twins by Joseph Murray at Brigham Hospital in Boston.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1954
John Foster Dulles, Time Man of the Year.Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Hermann Hesse, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, José Ortega y Gasset, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff, Vladimir Putin, Ahmad Shah Massoud and Benazir Bhutto celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1954 was a common year starting on a Friday, just like 1858, 1869, 1875, 1886, 1897, 1909, 1915, 1926, 1937 and 1943 in the century before it and 1965, 1971, 1982, 1993, 1999, 2010, 2021, 2027, 2038 and 2049 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1954 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 20 May 2013.