< MCMLIII = 1953 >
Events in 1953
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|26 January:|| ||Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet, dies in The Hague at age 58.|
|1 February:|| ||A major stormflood costs 1800 Dutch lives and several hundreds in Belgium, England and Germany, after which the Dutch decide to build the Deltaworks.|
|14 February:|| ||American chemist and biologist Stanley Miller submits the article about his experiment on the origins of life in the journal Science, published in May.|
|14 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dragon makes way for the Year of the Snake.|
|28 February:|| ||Cambridge University scientists James Watson and Francis Crick discover the double-helix structure of DNA.|
|5 March:|| ||Joseph Stalin, first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, dies in his Kuntsevo Dacha near Moscow at age 74.|
|30 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|5 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|7 April:|| ||IBM introduces the 701, its first electric computer and first mass produced computer.|
|13 April:|| ||The first James Bond novel by Ian Fleming, “Casino Royale”, is published in the United Kingdom.|
|22 April:|| ||The movie “Le salaire de la peur” by Henri-Georges Clouzot, based on the book of the same title by Georges Arnaud, is released in France.|
|2 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1372 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|6 May:|| ||John Gibbon of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia performs an open heart procedure on an 18-year-old woman in the first successful application of a heart lung machine.|
|24 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|29 May:|| ||New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay are the first to reach the top of the highest mountain on the planet, 8848 m Mount Everest, and live to tell the tale.|
|1 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|2 June:|| ||Millions of British viewers watch television for the first time to witness the coronation of Elizabeth II as queen of the Commonwealth realms in Westminster Abbey.|
|21 June:|| ||Benazir Bhutto, Pakistani politician, is born in Karachi.|
|27 July:|| ||A ceasefire is signed to end the fighting in the Korean War.|
|8 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|2 September:|| ||Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan military leader, is born in Bazarak in the Panjshir Valley.|
|19 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|21 September:|| ||The first film version of George Orwell's “1984” is broadcast by CBS on American television.|
|28 September:|| ||Edwin Hubble, American astronomer, dies in San Marino, California at age 63.|
|9 November:|| ||Ibn Saud, founder and first king of modern Saudi Arabia, dies in Taif at age 77.|
|5 December:|| ||Five years after starting Vladimir Nabokov finishes writing his controverial novel “Lolita”, to be published September 1955.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1953
Konrad Adenauer, Time Man of the Year.Auguste Lumière, Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Hermann Hesse, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, José Ortega y Gasset, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury, Johan Cruyff and Vladimir Putin celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1953 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1857, 1863, 1874, 1885, 1891, 1903, 1914, 1925, 1931 and 1942 in the century before it and 1959, 1970, 1981, 1987, 1998, 2009, 2015, 2026, 2037 and 2043 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1953 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 April 2017.