< MCMLII = 1952 >
Events in 1952
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|27 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rabbit makes room for the Year of the Dragon.|
|14 March:|| ||A third cave containing Dead Sea Scrolls is found at the archaeological site Qumran in the West Bank.|
|16 March:|| ||The island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean receives 1869.9 millimetres of rainfall, the greatest 24-hour precipitation total ever recorded anywhere.|
|9 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|13 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|12 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1371 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|1 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|11 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|23 July:|| ||The Egyptian Revolution begins with a military coup d' état by Gamal Abdel Nasser and other reform minded army officers.|
|25 July:|| ||The island of Puerto Rico, governed by the United States since the Spanish-American War of 1898, adopts its own constitution.|
|5 Augustus:|| ||Inspired by a near-accident with his family in his car, John Hetrick from Pennsylvania invents the “safety cushion”, i.e. the air bag.|
|14 Augustus:|| ||Alan Turing publishes “The chemical basis of morphogenesis” in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, helping found the sciences of biomathematics and chaos theory.|
|18 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|29 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|3 October:|| ||The United Kingdom joins the US and USSR in the nuclear arms race with its first fission weapon test off the Australian coast.|
|7 October:|| ||Vladimir Putin, Russian politician, successor of Boris Yeltsin as president, is born in Leningrad.|
|1 November:|| ||The United States successfully detonates the first large hydrogen bomb in Operation Ivy at the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean.|
|25 November:|| ||The Agatha Christie crime play “The Mousetrap” opens in the West End of London to become the longest running show of any kind ever with over 24000 performances and counting.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1952
British queen Elizabeth II, Time Woman of the Year.Auguste Lumière, Bertrand Russell, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, José Ortega y Gasset, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury and Johan Cruyff celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1952 was a leap year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1856, 1884 and 1924 in the century before it and 1980, 2008 and 2036 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1952 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 25 February 2018.