< MCMXLIX = 1949 >
Events in 1949
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|26 January:|| ||The Hale Telescope at the Palomar Observatory in California sees first light using a 5.1 m reflector, the largest aperture optical telescope until the completion of the Russian BTA-6 in 1976.|
|29 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|15 February:|| ||French priest and archeologist Roland de Vaux and British scholar Gerald Lankester Harding examine a cave near the Dead Sea where some scrolls had been found, now known as Cave 1 of the Dead Sea Scrolls.|
|4 April:|| ||The North Atlantic Treaty creating the military alliance NATO is signed in Washington by Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Portugal, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, the United States and Canada.|
|13 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|17 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|11 May:|| ||The Kingdom of Siam changes its name to Thailand, just as it did in 1939 but then only for six years.|
|5 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|8 June:|| ||George Orwell's dystopian novel “Nineteen Eighty-Four” is published in the United Kingdom.|
|14 June:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1368 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|14 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|12 Augustus:|| ||The Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War is published, to go into effect in October 1950.|
|29 Augustus:|| ||The Cold War arms race goes nuclear with the first fission weapon test by the USSR.|
|2 September:|| ||The movie “The Third Man” is released in the United Kingdom.|
|20 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|3 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1949
Winston Churchill, Time Man of the Half Century.George Bernard Shaw, Auguste Lumière, William Randolph Hearst, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, José Ortega y Gasset, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury and Johan Cruyff celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1949 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1853, 1859, 1870, 1881, 1887, 1898, 1910, 1921, 1927 and 1938 in the century before it and 1955, 1966, 1977, 1983, 1994, 2005, 2011, 2022, 2033 and 2039 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1949 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 22 September 2017.