< MCMXLVIII = 1948 >
Events in 1948
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|30 January:|| ||Mahatma Gandhi, Indian independence leader, is assassinated by Hindu Nationalist Nathuram Godse at age 78.|
|30 January:|| ||Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer, dies in Dayton, Ohio at age 76.|
|9 February:|| ||Jan Prins, Dutch writer, dies in Naarden at age 72.|
|10 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Pig makes room for the Year of the Rat.|
|21 February:|| ||John C. Trever of the American Schools of Oriental Research makes the first photographs of the Dead Sea Scrolls found the previous year.|
|17 March:|| ||The Treaty of Brussels is signed by Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France and the United Kingdom as a mutual defence pledge, considered the precursor to NATO.|
|23 March:|| ||The Citroën 2CV is presented in Paris.|
|28 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|23 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|15 May:|| ||Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan attack Israel, which declared its independence the night before, setting of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.|
|15 May:|| ||Israel declares its independence at the end of the British Mandate for Palestine, a day before the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.|
|16 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|6 June:|| ||Louis Lumière, French movie pioneer, inventor of the cinematograph, dies in Bandol at age 83.|
|25 June:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1367 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|25 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|9 September:|| ||In Pyongyang the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is proclaimed, commonly known as North Korea.|
|24 September:|| ||The Honda Motor Company is founded by Soichiro Honda in Hamamatsu, Japan.|
|1 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|6 October:|| ||The “1600 F”, the first civilian camera by Swedish inventor Victor Hasselblad goes on sale in New York.|
|13 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|21 October:|| ||The 9th General Conference on Weights and Measures defines the ampere, bar, coulomb, farad, henry, joule, newton, ohm, volt, watt, weber and chooses degrees Celsius over three contestants for a temperature unit.|
|10 December:|| ||The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights at Palais de Chaillot in Paris.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1948
Harry Truman, Time Man of the Year.George Bernard Shaw, Auguste Lumière, William Randolph Hearst, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, José Ortega y Gasset, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley, Freddie Mercury and Johan Cruyff celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1948 was a leap year starting on a Thursday, just like 1852, 1880 and 1920 in the century before it and 1976, 2004 and 2032 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1948 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 March 2017.