< MCMXLVII = 1947 >
Events in 1947
|4 January:|| ||The first edition of the German weekly news magazine Der Spiegel is published in Hanover.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|22 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dog makes way for the Year of the Pig.|
|4 March:|| ||France and the United Kingdom sign a Treaty of Alliance and Mutual Assistance in Dunkirk, expanded to the Treaty of Brussels the following year.|
|5 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|6 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|7 April:|| ||Henry Ford, American industrialist, founder of the Ford Motor Company, developer of the assembly line for mass production, dies at his estate Fair Lane in Dearborn, Michigan at age 83.|
|24 April:|| ||The first synchrotron light is seen at the General Electric Research Laboratory in Schenectady, New York.|
|25 April:|| ||Johan Cruyff, Dutch footballer, Football Player of the Century, is born in Amsterdam.|
|4 May:|| ||Japan adopts a new constitution.|
|25 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|5 June:|| ||Named after the initiating American Secretary of State George Marshall, the Marshall Plan is established to help Europe recover from the war with thirteen billion dollars of aid in the next four years.|
|6 July:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1366 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|8 July:|| ||The U.S. Army announces it had recovered a crashed “flying disc” near Roswell in New Mexico, but the following day reporters get to see a weather balloon.|
|5 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|14 Augustus:|| ||Pakistan is established as an independent country in two Muslim-majority wings in the east and northwest of Hindu-dominated British India.|
|18 September:|| ||The Central Intelligence Agency CIA is established by American president Harry Truman, adopting as its motto the line “And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free” from John 8:31.|
|24 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|4 October:|| ||Max Planck, German physicist, founder of quantum theory, dies in Göttingen at age 89.|
|12 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|13 November:|| ||Soviet Russian arms developer Mikhail Kalashnikov finishes the design of the AK-47 assault rifle.|
|28 November:|| ||The megawatt is first mentioned in the journal Science.|
|3 December:|| ||The play “A Streetcar Named Desire” by American playwright Tennessee Williams opens in the Ethel Barrymore Theatre on Broadway.|
|16 December:|| ||Researchers Bardeen and Brattain at Bell Laboratories build the first solid-state electronic transistor, paving the way for a revolution in electronics and miniaturisation.|
|23 December:|| ||John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley of Bell Laboratories build the first transistor.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1947
American Secretary of State George Marshall, Time Man of the Year.George Bernard Shaw, Auguste Lumière, William Randolph Hearst, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, José Ortega y Gasset, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij, Bob Marley and Freddie Mercury celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1947 was a common year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1851, 1862, 1873, 1879, 1890, 1902, 1913, 1919, 1930 and 1941 in the century before it and 1958, 1969, 1975, 1986, 1997, 2003, 2014, 2025, 2031 and 2042 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1947 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 20 November 2017.