< MCMXLVI = 1946 >
Events in 1946
|4 January:|| ||The former colony of Burma gains independence from the United Kingdom.|
|10 January:|| ||The first General Assembly of the United Nations convenes in London.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|17 January:|| ||The first session of the United Nations Security Council is held at Church House in London.|
|2 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rooster makes room for the Year of the Dog.|
|14 February:|| ||The first general-purpose electronic computer ENIAC is announced, commissioned by the United States Army in 1943 and built at the University of Pennsylvania.|
|15 February:|| ||After three years of designing and building, the Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer or ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic computer, is dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania.|
|17 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|21 April:|| ||John Maynard Keynes, British economist at the cradle of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, dies in Firle at age 62.|
|21 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|7 May:|| ||The Sony corporation is founded in Japan, called Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo (Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corporation) until January 1958.|
|2 June:|| ||In a constitutional referendum Italians choose with 54.3% in favour to end the monarchy which allowed fascism and become a republic.|
|9 June:|| ||King Bhumibol Adulyadej is crowned king of Thailand, currently the world's longest reigning monarch.|
|9 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|25 June:|| ||American engineer Russell Ohl is granted a patent for the solar cell invented in 1941.|
|17 July:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1365 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|16 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|5 September:|| ||Freddie Mercury, lead singer in British rock band Queen, is born Farrokh Bulsara in Stone Town, Zanzibar.|
|5 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|9 October:|| ||Charivarius, Dutch author, dies in Haarlem at age 76.|
|16 October:|| ||Hermann Göring, German Nazi leader, commits suicide two hours before his scheduled execution.|
|23 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|19 November:|| ||Afghanistan, Sweden and Iceland join the United Nations.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1946
American Secretary of State James Byrnes, Time Man of the Year.George Bernard Shaw, Max Planck, Auguste Lumière, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, José Ortega y Gasset, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa, Gerrit Komrij and Bob Marley celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1946 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1850, 1861, 1867, 1878, 1889, 1895, 1901, 1907, 1918, 1929 and 1935 in the century before it and 1957, 1963, 1974, 1985, 1991, 2002, 2013, 2019, 2030 and 2041 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1946 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 20 May 2013.