4umi.com/year

< MCMXLV = 1945 >

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Augustus
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September
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Events in 1945

14 January: The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.
27 January: Soviet troops liberate the Nazis' biggest concentration camp in Auschwitz, Poland.
4 February: Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin meet at the Livadia Palace in Yalta.
6 February: Bob Marley, Jamaican musician, is born in the village of Nine Mile.
13 February: Dresden, a “Florence on the Elbe” with no military value, is destroyed in a firestorm in two days of bombing raids by the RAF and USAAF.
13 February: This Chinese New Year the Monkey makes way for the Year of the Rooster.
3 March: Anne Frank, German-born Jewish Dutch diarist during the Holocaust, dies in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp around this date.
9 March: The movie “Les enfants du paradis” is released in France.
28 March: Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.
1 April: The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.
12 April: Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32th president of the United States, dies at his retreat the Little White House in Warm Springs, Georgia at age 63.
28 April: Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943, dies in Giulino di Mezzegra at age 61.
30 April: Adolf Hitler, German dictator, commits suicide in Berlin at age 56.
1 May: Joseph Goebbels, Reichsminister für Propaganda in Nazi Germany since 1933, Reichskanzler since Hitler's suicide some hours earlier, and his wife Magda Goebbels kill themselves after poisoning their six children.
4 May: German forces in North-West Europe surrender to the Allied advance.
5 May: Denmark and the Netherlands celebrate their liberation from five years of Nazi occupation.
7 May: At the Allied headquarters in Reims, France, general Eisenhower receives the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht.
20 May: Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.
26 June: The United Nations Charter is signed by delegates of the 51 founding countries in San Francisco.
16 July: In the first fission device test ever, the bomb Trinity is detonated in the American New Mexico desert, marking the beginning of the Atomic Age.
28 July: The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1364 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.
6 Augustus: An atomic bomb with a power of 12 to 15 kilotons of TNT is dropped on Hiroshima, Japan.
9 Augustus: An atomic bomb with a power of 22 kilotons of TNT is dropped on Nagasaki, three days after a smaller one was dropped on Hiroshima.
15 Augustus: World War Two formally ends as Japan ultimately surrenders.
17 Augustus: George Orwell's novel “Animal Farm” is published in the United Kingdom.
17 Augustus: Sukarno declares Indonesia's independence from Dutch colonial rule.
27 Augustus: Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.
2 September: Ho Chi Minh declares the Democratic Republic of Vietnam before a crowd of 500000 in Hanoi, ending the country's dependence on France, which was never invited to colonize it in the 1850's.
10 September: “As We May Think”, an essay by American engineer Vannevar Bush describing a futuristic collective memory machine, is published by Life magazine, inspiring hypertext pioneers Nelson, Engelbart and others to create the internet in the following decades.
17 September: Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.
24 October: The United Nations is formed when its charter, signed in June, is ratified by the five permanent members of the Security Council and a majority of the other signatories.
3 November: Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.
15 November: Venezuela joins the United Nations.
16 November: The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO is founded, heir of the League of Nations' International Commission on Intellectual Cooperation.
24 December: Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.

People in 1945

Time Person of the Year
Harry Truman, Time Man of the Year.
George Bernard Shaw, Max Planck, Auguste Lumière, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, John Maynard Keynes, José Ortega y Gasset, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger, Lech Wałęsa and Gerrit Komrij celebrated their birthday this year.

Presenting 1945

The year 1945 was a common year starting on a Monday, just like 1849, 1855, 1866, 1877, 1883, 1894, 1900, 1906, 1917, 1923 and 1934 in the century before it and 1951, 1962, 1973, 1979, 1990, 2001, 2007, 2018, 2029 and 2035 in the next.

The coloured days highlight birthscake, deathsdagger, politicalcrown, scientificpaperclip, artisticpaperclip and otherasterisk historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and holidaysanchor. The newnew moon, waxingwaxing moon, fullfull moon and waningwaning moon icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.

Calculating time

The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.

URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1945 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 27 June 2017.
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