< MCMXLIV = 1944 >
Events in 1944
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|23 January:|| ||Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter, dies in Oslo at age 80.|
|25 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ram makes room for the Year of the Monkey.|
|18 March:|| ||The Vesuvius volcano erupts, sending ash into the air and lavaflows down the mountainside for five days, hindering the war effort by the United States Army Air Force 340th Bombardment Group based at nearby Pompeii Airfield.|
|30 March:|| ||Gerrit Komrij, Dutch writer, is born in Winterswijk.|
|8 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|9 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|28 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|1 June:|| ||British codebreakers in Bletchley Park turn on the Colossus Mark 2 computer, the world's first programmable digital electronic computing device.|
|4 June:|| ||British and American troops enter Rome.|
|6 June:|| ||In the largest amphibious military operation the world has ever seen 155000 Allied forces land on the beaches of Normandy in France for D-Day, the final attack on Nazi-occupied Europe.|
|17 July:|| ||Two ships laden with ammunition explode in Port Chicago near the San Francisco Bay, California, killing 320 sailors and civilians.|
|20 July:|| ||Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt, shielded from the bomb in a briefcase by a heavy oak table at his Wolf's Lair field headquarters.|
|21 July:|| ||Claus von Stauffenberg, Werner von Haeften, Fredrich Olbricht and Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim are executed in the courtyard of the Bendlerblock army headquarters in Berlin by a makeshift firing squad before 01:00 hours at night, lit by the headlights of a truck.|
|22 July:|| ||In Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States, delegates from 44 Allied nations sign the Bretton Woods Agreements establishing the rules for postwar international financial relations concluding three weeks of negotiations at United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference in the Mount Washington Hotel.|
|31 July:|| ||Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer of “Little Prince” fame, aged 44, crashes while flying on a reconnaissance mission over the Mediterranean sea for the Free French Forces.|
|1 Augustus:|| ||Holocaust refugee Anne Frank writes the final entry in her diary, three days before her arrest.|
|4 Augustus:|| ||Holocaust refugee Anne Frank and her family are discovered in their Amsterdam hiding place and deported to Westerbork concentration camp.|
|7 Augustus:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1363 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|25 Augustus:|| ||Paris is liberated as the Germans surrender to the Allied advance without a fight.|
|6 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|27 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|13 October:|| ||Athens is liberated.|
|19 October:|| ||The Japanese army adopts a new tactic of kamikaze or “divine wind”, suicide attacks by military planes.|
|31 October:|| ||Margot and Anne Frank are transported from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.|
|13 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|19 December:|| ||The first edition of the French daily evening newspaper Le Monde is published.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1944
Dwight D. Eisenhower, Time Man of the Year.George Bernard Shaw, Max Planck, Auguste Lumière, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Maynard Keynes, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Anne Frank, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Stephen Hawking, Jim Morrison, Johnny Hallyday, Mick Jagger and Lech Wałęsa celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1944 was a leap year starting on a Saturday, just like 1848, 1876 and 1916 in the century before it and 1972, 2000 and 2028 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1944 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 May 2013.