< MCMXLIII = 1943 >
Events in 1943
|7 January:|| ||Nikola Tesla, Serbian-born American inventor, dies in room 3327 of the New Yorker Hotel, his home for the last ten years, at age 86.|
|12 January:|| ||Jan Campert, Dutch writer, dies in Neuengamme concentration camp, Germany, at age 40.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|2 February:|| ||The Battle of Stalingrad, one of the most brutal and bloodiest battles in the history of warfare with up to two million casualties, ends with a crippling German defeat.|
|5 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|14 February:|| ||David Hilbert, German mathematician, dies in Göttingen at age 81.|
|6 April:|| ||“Le Petit Prince”, The Little Prince, the bestselling children's book by French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, is first published in New York.|
|21 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|25 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|14 May:|| ||German and Italian troops in Africa surrender to the Allied forces.|
|16 May:|| ||The Royal Air Force “Dambusters” bomb the Möhne, Edersee and Sorpe Dams in Germany.|
|10 June:|| ||British and American troops land on Sicily.|
|13 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|15 June:|| ||Johnny Hallyday, French rockstar, is born in Paris.|
|24 July:|| ||The RAF begins Operation Gomorrah, 8 days and 7 nights of air raids on Hamburg, creating one of the greatest firestorms of World War II.|
|25 July:|| ||Mussolini is deposed.|
|26 July:|| ||Mick Jagger, English musician, Rolling Stones frontman, is born in Dartford.|
|19 Augustus:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1362 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|18 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|29 September:|| ||Lech Wałęsa, trade-union organizer, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, president of Poland from 1990 to '95, is born in Popowo.|
|9 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|22 November:|| ||Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet at the Cairo Conference to discuss the Allied attitude towards Japan and design a postwar Asia.|
|25 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|28 November:|| ||Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill meet at the Tehran Conference to discuss war strategies, followed by meetings in Yalta and Potsdam in 1945.|
|8 December:|| ||Jim Morrison, lead singer of American band The Doors, is born in Melbourne, Florida.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1943
George Marshall, Time Man of the Year.Claus von Stauffenberg, George Bernard Shaw, Max Planck, Auguste Lumière, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Maynard Keynes, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Anne Frank, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan and Stephen Hawking celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1943 was a common year starting on a Friday, just like 1847, 1858, 1869, 1875, 1886, 1897, 1909, 1915, 1926 and 1937 in the century before it and 1954, 1965, 1971, 1982, 1993, 1999, 2010, 2021, 2027 and 2038 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1943 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 January 2017.