< MCMXLII = 1942 >
Events in 1942
|2 January:|| ||Manila is captured by Japanese forces.|
|8 January:|| ||Stephen Hawking, English theoretical physicist and cosmologist, is born in Oxford.|
|11 January:|| ||Japan declares war on the Netherlands and invades the Dutch East Indies.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|20 January:|| ||SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich informs selected administrative leaders of government ministries of the “Final solution to the Jewish problem” at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin.|
|25 January:|| ||Thailand declares war on the United States and the United Kingdom, but Seni Pramoj, Thai ambassador in Washington, refuses to deliver the message, instead organising a Free Thai movement.|
|8 February:|| ||The United States introduces daylight saving time.|
|15 February:|| ||“Cinderella”, the twelfth animated Disney film, premieres in Hollywood.|
|15 February:|| ||The Japanese capture Singapore.|
|15 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Snake makes room for the Year of the Horse.|
|22 February:|| ||Stefan Zweig, Austrian novelist, commits suicide in Petrópolis, Brazil at age 60, after having fled to England in 1934 and to America in 1940.|
|25 February:|| ||A popular uprising is forcefully struck down in the Dutch capital of Amsterdam, making the “February Strike” the first organized public protest against the treatment of Jewish citizens in Europe.|
|1 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|5 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|24 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|29 May:|| ||Bing Crosby, the Ken Darby Singers and the John Scott Trotter Orchestra record the Irving Berlin song “White Christmas” for Decca Records, going on slowly but steadily to become the best selling single of all time with more than 50 million copies sold worldwide.|
|31 May:|| ||Between 00:47 and 02:20 hours the German city of Cologne is the target in Operation Millennium, the first 1000 bomber raid of the war, bad weather prohibiting the first choice Hamburg.|
|12 June:|| ||German-born Dutch refugee Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday, writing her first note that evening.|
|6 July:|| ||Anne Frank's family goes into hiding to escape the Holocaust in an attic above her father's office in a warehouse on the Prinsengracht in Amsterdam.|
|23 July:|| ||The Treblinka extermination camp is opened by Nazi Germany for the murder of 800000 Jews and 50000 others in the next fifteen months.|
|11 Augustus:|| ||Hedy Lamarr, Austrian-American mathematician, inventor and Hollywood actress, and avant garde composer George Antheil, author of a “Ballet Mécanique” for dancing pianola's, are granted a patent for radio frequency hopping using piano rolls[tech.|
|13 Augustus:|| ||The fifth Disney movie “Bambi” is released.|
|21 Augustus:|| ||A Nazi flag is planted on Mount Elbrus, the highest peak of the Russian Caucasus.|
|23 Augustus:|| ||A massive German air bombardment marks the beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad.|
|30 Augustus:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1361 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|21 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|29 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|26 November:|| ||The movie “Casablanca” premieres at the Hollywood Theater in New York ahead of schedule to coincide with the Allied invasion of Africa and the capture of Casablanca.|
|2 December:|| ||A Manhattan Project team led by Enrico Fermi initiates the first nuclear chain reaction at the Chicago Pile-1 nuclear reactor.|
|6 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1942
Joseph Stalin, Time Man of the Year.Claus von Stauffenberg, Nikola Tesla, George Bernard Shaw, Max Planck, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Maynard Keynes, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Anne Frank, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley, Kofi Annan, John Lennon, Pelé, John Hurt, Joan Baez and Bob Dylan celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1942 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1846, 1857, 1863, 1874, 1885, 1891, 1903, 1914, 1925 and 1931 in the century before it and 1953, 1959, 1970, 1981, 1987, 1998, 2009, 2015, 2026 and 2037 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1942 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 June 2013.