4umi.com/year

< MCMXXXIX = 1939 >

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July
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Augustus
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September
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November
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December
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Events in 1939

8 January: Charles Eastman, otherwise known as Ohíye S'a, Santee Sioux physician and writer, dies in Detroit at age 80.
14 January: The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.
18 January: Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.
19 February: This Chinese New Year the Tiger makes way for the Year of the Rabbit.
14 March: Threatened with invasion, the Slovak provincial assembly proclaims independence from Czecho-Slovakia, making Slovakia a vasal state to Nazi Germany.
15 March: The German army enters Prague, proclaiming Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate from Prague Castle.
22 March: Following a German ultimatum Lithuania cedes the Memel Territory, the last time Hitler gains Lebensraum without fighting.
1 April: Francisco Franco declares victory for the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War when the last Republican forces surrender.
5 April: Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.
9 April: The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.
1 May: The character Batman, created by Bob Kane, makes his first appearance in a comic book.
4 May: After seventeen years in the making “Finnegans Wake” by James Joyce is published.
22 May: Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany sign the “Pact of Steel” encouraging military and economic cooperation.
28 May: Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.
23 June: The Kingdom of Siam changes its name to Thailand, meaning “Free Land”.
2 Augustus: Albert Einstein signs a letter authored by fellow physicist Leó Szilárd to American president Franklin Roosevelt, advising him to initiate research into the potentially vast destructive power of nuclear weapons in case Nazi Germany develops the bomb first; he later regretted signing the letter.
15 Augustus: “The Wizard of Oz” premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theater in Los Angeles.
23 Augustus: Hitler and Stalin agree to divide eastern Europe between them in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, named after their two foreign ministers who signed the deal at the Kremlin in Moscow.
27 Augustus: A Heinkel 178, the first aircraft powered by a turbojet, flies for the first time.
1 September: Germany invades Poland, setting off World War Two.
3 September: Britain and France declare war on Germany following its attack on Poland two days before.
17 September: The Soviet Union invades eastern Poland.
19 September: The German army occupies the Lithuanian capital Vilnius.
23 September: Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.
28 September: The city of Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany after weeks of intense fighting at the start of World War II.
2 October: The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1358 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.
1 November: Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.
8 November: At 21:20 hours a time bomb, hidden in a pillar by anti-Nazi workman Georg Elser, explodes in the Bürgerbräukeller to assasinate Hitler, killing eight people and severely injuring many others, but the target, who was there to deliver his annual speech on the anniversary of the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch, had cut his visit short and left before 21:10.
30 November: The Soviet Union attacks Finland.
15 December: The American movie “Gone with the Wind” is shown a month before its national release at a special evening in Atlanta, the city that famously burns in the film.
23 December: Anthony Fokker, Dutch aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer, dies from pneumococcal meningitis in Murray Hill Hospital, USA at age 49.
24 December: Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.
27 December: An 8.2 earthquake kills more than 30000 and destroys the city of Erzincan in eastern Turkey, the most powerful quake to strike the country in recent history.

People in 1939

Time Person of the Year
Joseph Stalin, Time Man of the Year.
Claus von Stauffenberg, Nikola Tesla, George Bernard Shaw, Max Planck, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Maynard Keynes, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Anne Frank, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama, Elvis Presley and Kofi Annan celebrated their birthday this year.

Presenting 1939

The year 1939 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1843, 1854, 1865, 1871, 1882, 1893, 1899, 1905, 1911, 1922 and 1933 in the century before it and 1950, 1961, 1967, 1978, 1989, 1995, 2006, 2017, 2023 and 2034 in the next.

The coloured days highlight birthscake, deathsdagger, politicalcrown, scientificpaperclip, artisticpaperclip and otherasterisk historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and holidaysanchor. The newnew moon, waxingwaxing moon, fullfull moon and waningwaning moon icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.

Calculating time

The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.

URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1939 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 14 December 2017.
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