< MCMXXXVIII = 1938 >
Events in 1938
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|16 January:|| ||Benny Goodman and his orchestra play at the first jazz concert in Carnegie Hall, New York.|
|16 January:|| ||The Vienna Philharmonic under Bruno Walter makes the first recording of Mahler's Ninth Symphony.|
|29 January:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|31 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ox makes room for the Year of the Tiger.|
|4 February:|| ||The first Disney movie “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” is released across the United States, making four times more money than all other films of the year.|
|3 March:|| ||The Standard Oil Company of California discovers oil at Dhahran in Saudi Arabia.|
|12 March:|| ||German troops enter Austria for the Anschluss, the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany.|
|31 March:|| ||Willem Kloos, Dutch poet, dies in The Hague at age 78.|
|8 April:|| ||Herbert von Karajan for the first time conducts the Berliner Philharmoniker, with more than 1500 times to follow.|
|8 April:|| ||Kofi Annan, Egyptian diplomat, seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1997 to 2006, is born in Kumasi, Gold Coast.|
|15 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|17 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|3 May:|| ||Superman makes his first appearance in Action Comics #1.|
|5 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|7 June:|| ||The flying boat Boeing 314 Clipper, the largest passenger airplane yet, makes its first flight.|
|5 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|10 October:|| ||Czechoslovakia cedes the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany in the Munich Agreement.|
|12 October:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1357 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|30 October:|| ||“The War of the Worlds”, a 60 minute radio show by Orson Welles based on the novel of the same title by H.G. Wells, is broadcast in the U.S., causing a stir with some of the audience who take the star wars story for real.|
|9 November:|| ||The assassination of German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by German-born Polish Jew Herschel Grynszpan in Paris triggers the Kristallnacht in Germany, with SA stormtroopers and civilians ransacking Jewish homes, shops and synagogues.|
|10 November:|| ||Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Ottoman-born army officer, founder of modern Turkey, dies of cirrhosis in his bedroom in the Dolmabahçe Palace in Istanbul at age 57.|
|11 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|16 November:|| ||Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann creates LSD at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel.|
|17 December:|| ||German chemist Otto Hahn splits an atom, starting the age of nuclear fission with the publication of his findings in the journal Naturwissenschaften the following month.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1938
Adolf Hitler, Time Man of the Year.Claus von Stauffenberg, Nikola Tesla, George Bernard Shaw, Charles Eastman, Max Planck, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Maynard Keynes, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Anne Frank, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama and Elvis Presley celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1938 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1842, 1853, 1859, 1870, 1881, 1887, 1898, 1910, 1921 and 1927 in the century before it and 1949, 1955, 1966, 1977, 1983, 1994, 2005, 2011, 2022 and 2033 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1938 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 July 2017.