< MCMXXXVII = 1937 >
Events in 1937
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|8 February:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|11 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|27 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|28 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|26 April:|| ||One of the first aerial bombings by Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe destroys the town of Guernica in the Spanish Basque region and inspires Picasso to paint his most famous work.|
|6 May:|| ||The passenger airship LZ 129 Hindenburg from the Deutsche Zeppelin-Reederei catches fire during an attempt to dock at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey, killing 36 and shattering public confidence in airship safety.|
|14 May:|| ||The BBC stages a thirty minutes long adaptation of “Twelfth Night” for live broadcasting, Shakepseare's premiere on television.|
|16 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|23 May:|| ||John D. Rockefeller, founder of the Standard Oil Company and a dynasty of Rockefellers, dies in his home in Ormond Beach, Florida at age 97 and the richest person in history.|
|28 May:|| ||The Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH is founded by Austrian engineer Ferdinand Porsche.|
|7 July:|| ||The Battle of Lugou Bridge in Beijing marks the beginning of the Second Chinese-Japanese War.|
|20 July:|| ||Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor pioneering radio transmissions, dies in Rome at age 63.|
|10 Augustus:|| ||The Canon company is founded in Tokyo as Precision Optical Instruments Laboratory for the manufacture of the rangefinder camera Kwanon, named after the Buddhist deity of mercy Kwannon.|
|28 Augustus:|| ||The Toyota Motor Corporation is founded in Japan by Kiichiro Toyoda as a spinoff from his father's loom factory, going on to surpass GM as the world's largest automaker in 2007.|
|2 September:|| ||Pierre de Coubertin, French pedagogue and historian who revived the ancient Greek Olympic Games tradition, dies in Geneva, Switzerland at age 74.|
|15 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|21 September:|| ||J.R.R. Tolkien's “The Hobbit” is published.|
|27 September:|| ||The last recorded Balinese Tiger, an adult female, is shot in western Bali, making the species extinct.|
|19 October:|| ||Ernest Rutherford, British physicist, Nobel Prize winner in 1908 for fathering nuclear physics, dies in Cambridge at age 66.|
|23 October:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1356 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|22 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|21 December:|| ||“Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs”, the first animated film by Walt Disney, premieres at the Hollywood Carthay Circle Theatre, going on to be named the greatest animated film of all time by the American Film Institute in 2008.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|28 December:|| ||Maurice Ravel, French composer, dies in a Paris hospital at age 62.|
People in 1937
Chiang Kai-shek and Soong May-ling, Time Man & Wife of the Year.Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Claus von Stauffenberg, Nikola Tesla, George Bernard Shaw, Charles Eastman, Max Planck, Willem Kloos, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Orville Wright, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Maynard Keynes, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Anne Frank, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong, Edsger Dijkstra, Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Elizabeth Taylor, John Barry, Rutger Kopland, Yuri Gagarin, The 14th Dalai Lama and Elvis Presley celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1937 was a common year starting on a Friday, just like 1841, 1847, 1858, 1869, 1875, 1886, 1897, 1909, 1915 and 1926 in the century before it and 1943, 1954, 1965, 1971, 1982, 1993, 1999, 2010, 2021 and 2027 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1937 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 27 May 2017.