< MCMXXXI = 1931 >
Events in 1931
|2 January:|| ||Ernest Lawrence successfully tests the first cyclotron, made out of brass, wire and sealing wax and measuring 10 cm, followed by a patent in 1934 and a Nobel Prize in 1939.|
|5 January:|| ||Time news magazine announces its Man of the Year 1930 is Indian non-violent freedom fighter “Saint Gandhi”.|
|7 January:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1349 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|1 February:|| ||Boris Yeltsin, Russian politician, first president of the Russian Federation, is born in Butka in the Sverdlovsk Oblast.|
|6 February:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|17 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|2 March:|| ||Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991, last head of state of the USSR, is born in Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai.|
|19 March:|| ||The American state of Nevada legalises gambling to boost the economy.|
|2 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|5 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|10 April:|| ||Khalil Gibran, Lebanese American poet, dies in New York at age 48.|
|15 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|26 April:|| ||The 29th IOC Session decides to grant the 1936 Summer Olympic Games to Berlin, bidding against Barcelona, the host of the session.|
|1 May:|| ||The Empire State Building is opened in New York, rising 381 meters the tallest building in the world until the completion of the nearby WTC in 1973.|
|24 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|19 June:|| ||The Third Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War goes into effect.|
|21 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|12 October:|| ||The 40 m tall concrete statue of “Christ the Redeemer” overlooking Rio de Janeiro in Brazil is dedicated on Columbus Day.|
|18 October:|| ||Thomas Edison, American inventor with a world record number of patents, dies in West Orange, New Jersey at age 84.|
|17 November:|| ||“Frankenstein” is released in the United States, becoming the best selling movie of the year.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|28 December:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1350 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
People in 1931
French prime minister Pierre Laval, Time Man of the Year.Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Claus von Stauffenberg, John D. Rockefeller, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, George Eastman, Nikola Tesla, George Bernard Shaw, Charles Eastman, Max Planck, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, John Maynard Keynes, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Maria Callas, Lucebert, Margaret Thatcher, Malcolm X, Pol Pot, Douglas Engelbart, Fidel Castro, Elizabeth II, Dario Fo, Gabriel García Márquez, Andy Warhol, Che Guevara, Stanley Kubrick, Jacques Brel, Anne Frank, Martin Luther King, Yasser Arafat, Neil Armstrong and Edsger Dijkstra celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1931 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1835, 1846, 1857, 1863, 1874, 1885, 1891, 1903, 1914 and 1925 in the century before it and 1942, 1953, 1959, 1970, 1981, 1987, 1998, 2009, 2015 and 2026 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1931 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 May 2013.