< MCMXXIII = 1923 >
Events in 1923
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|10 February:|| ||Wilhelm Röntgen, German physicist, winner of the first Nobel Prize in Physics for his research on Röntgen rays, dies in Munich at age 77.|
|16 February:|| ||Howard Carter unseals the burial chamber of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.|
|16 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dog makes way for the Year of the Pig.|
|3 March:|| ||The first issue of news magazine Time is published.|
|1 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|2 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|4 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1341 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|4 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|20 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|24 May:|| ||The Irish Civil War ends with the final defeat of anti-Treaty IRA forces and confirmation for the Irish Free State.|
|5 June:|| ||George Hendrik Breitner, Dutch painter, dies in Amsterdam at age 65.|
|11 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|1 September:|| ||The Great Kantō earthquake, measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale, devastates Tokyo and Yokohama and kills up to 140000 people, making the deadliest natural disaster in Japanese history.|
|7 September:|| ||At the Second International Police Congress in Vienna the International Criminal Police Organization Interpol is founded by Austria, Belgium, China, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Romania, Sweden, Switserland, the United States and Yugoslavia.|
|20 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|21 October:|| ||German instruments manufacturer Carl Zeiss AG demonstrates its planetarium projector Zeiss Model I showing 4900 stars at the Deutsches Museum in Munich.|
|29 October:|| ||Following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the Turkish republic comes into being with the election of Kemal Atatürk as president.|
|8 November:|| ||Inspired by Mussolini's successful March on Rome, Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler and other heads of the Kampfbund stage a coup d'état in Munich at the Bürgerbräukeller Beer Hall Putsch, landing him in jail for a year.|
|2 December:|| ||Maria Callas, American-Greek soprano opera singer, is born at Flower Hospital, Fifth Avenue, Manhattan, New York to Greek parents George and Evangelia Kalogeropoulos.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1923
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, John D. Rockefeller, Claude Monet, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Antoni Gaudí, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim, Anwar Sadat, Isaac Asimov, John Paul II, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Federico Fellini, Yves Montand and Boutros Boutros-Ghali celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1923 was a common year starting on a Monday, just like 1827, 1838, 1849, 1855, 1866, 1877, 1883, 1894, 1900, 1906 and 1917 in the century before it and 1934, 1945, 1951, 1962, 1973, 1979, 1990, 2001, 2007 and 2018 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1923 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 March 2017.