< MCMXX = 1920 >
Events in 1920
|2 January:|| ||Isaac Asimov, Russian-American author and biochemist, is born in Petrovichi in Russia.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|17 January:|| ||The Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition goes into effect in the United States.|
|19 January:|| ||Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1982 to 1991, is born in Lima.|
|20 January:|| ||Federico Fellini, Italian film director, is born in Rimini.|
|29 January:|| ||Walt Disney gets his first job as an artist and inker for $40 a week at the Kansas City Slide Company.|
|20 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ram makes room for the Year of the Monkey.|
|3 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|4 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|6 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1338 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|16 May:|| ||In Rome, Pope Benedict XV canonizes Joan of Arc as a saint.|
|18 May:|| ||John Paul II, the first non-Italian pope since 1523, is born Karol Józef Wojtyła in Wadowice, Poland.|
|23 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|5 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|12 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|16 Augustus:|| ||Norman Lockyer, English scientist, founder and first editor of Nature, dies in Salcombe Regis at age 84.|
|22 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|15 November:|| ||The first assembly of the League of Nations is held in Geneva.|
|16 December:|| ||At 20:06 local time an 8.5 earthquake rocks Haiyuan and the wider Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200000 people, making it one of the deadliest natural disaters on record.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1920
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Camille Saint-Saëns, John D. Rockefeller, Claude Monet, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Antoni Gaudí, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim and Anwar Sadat celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1920 was a leap year starting on a Thursday, just like 1824, 1852 and 1880 in the century before it and 1948, 1976 and 2004 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1920 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 21 June 2018.