< MCMXIX = 1919 >
Events in 1919
|6 January:|| ||Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States, dies in Oyster Bay, NY at age 60.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|18 January:|| ||Negotiations begin in Paris leading to the founding of the League of Nations in April and the Treaty of Versailles in May.|
|21 January:|| ||Recently elected members of parlaiment for Sinn Féin fulfill their campaign promise when they ignore the Parliament of the United Kingdom in Westminster and set up an independent Dáil Éireann or Assembly of Ireland at the start of the Irish War of Independence.|
|1 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|7 April:|| ||George Freeth, American lifeguard credited with inventing modern surfing, dies as a result of the global flu pandemic at age 35.|
|16 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|17 April:|| ||The United Artists film company is founded by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks.|
|20 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|28 April:|| ||The League of Nations is formally established.|
|15 May:|| ||The first transatlantic flight is made by an US Navy flaotplane from Newfoundland to the Azores Islands and from there to Lisbon.|
|18 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1337 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|29 May:|| ||A solar eclipse over the Atlantic provides the first opportunity to test Einstein's theory of general relativity when a team led by Arthur Eddington of Cambridge University finds that the light coming from distant stars is bent by the sun's gravity.|
|8 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|14 June:|| ||British aviators Alcock and Brown make the first non-stop transatlantic flight from St. John's, Newfoundland to Clifden, Ireland, winning a prize of £10,000 offered by The Daily Mail.|
|17 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|28 June:|| ||The Treaty of Versailles between Germany and the Allied powers concludes the First World War.|
|11 Augustus:|| ||Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, entrepreneur and a major philanthropist, dies at Shadow Brook in Lenox, Massachusetts, aged 83.|
|14 Augustus:|| ||The Weimar Republic adopts the Verfassung des Deutschen Reichs as the first republican German constitution.|
|24 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|4 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|7 October:|| ||KLM, the oldest airline still operating under its original name, is founded in the Netherlands.|
|8 November:|| ||The results of a test conducted by the Royal Society during a solar eclipse in May are presented in London, confirming the theory of general relativity and shooting Einstein to world fame.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1919
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Camille Saint-Saëns, Norman Lockyer, John D. Rockefeller, Claude Monet, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Antoni Gaudí, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke, John F. Kennedy, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Nelson Mandela, Kurt Waldheim and Anwar Sadat celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1919 was a common year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1823, 1834, 1845, 1851, 1862, 1873, 1879, 1890, 1902 and 1913 in the century before it and 1930, 1941, 1947, 1958, 1969, 1975, 1986, 1997, 2003 and 2014 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1919 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 18 May 2013.