< MCMXVIII = 1918 >
Events in 1918
|4 January:|| ||The Soviet leadership recognizes the independence of Finland.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|15 January:|| ||Gamal Abdel Nasser, second president of Egypt from 1956 until his death, is born in Alexandria.|
|11 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Snake makes room for the Year of the Horse.|
|14 February:|| ||Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar, turning their February 1st in the Julian calendar into February 14th.|
|4 March:|| ||At Fort Riley in Kansas company cook Albert Gitchell reports sick, the first dated instance of the “Spanish Flu” pandemic.|
|12 March:|| ||The Russian government moves from Petrograd to Moscow, where Lenin makes the Kremlin his presidential residence.|
|13 March:|| ||Japanese electronics manufacturer Panasonic is founded in Osaka by Konosuke Matsushita.|
|27 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|31 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|1 April:|| ||The Royal Air Force is created in the UK by merging the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.|
|11 April:|| ||Dutch engineers Van Iterson and Kuyters patent the hyperboloid cooling tower structure.|
|21 April:|| ||Manfred von Richthofen, German pilot in WWI, credited with a world record eighty air combat victories, is shot down, most likely by somebody on the ground, with a single bullet through the chest, dying at age 25 moments after making a hasty landing north of the village of Vaux-sur-Somme in France.|
|19 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|28 May:|| ||The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the first parliamentary republic with a predominantly Muslim population, is founded in the south of the collapsed Russian empire.|
|28 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1336 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|27 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|17 July:|| ||Nicholas II, tsar of Russia, is murdered together with his wife and five children in Yekaterinburg by the Bolshevik security organisation Cheka.|
|18 July:|| ||Nelson Mandela, South-African politician, is born in Transkei.|
|8 Augustus:|| ||The Battle of Amiens, lasting three days, is the first phase of the Allied offensive that will lead to the end of the First World War.|
|3 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|16 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|3 November:|| ||Poland declares its independence from Russia.|
|11 November:|| ||At 11:00 hours Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car in the forest of Compiègne, France, ending World War I.|
|13 November:|| ||Allied troops take possession of Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire.|
|18 November:|| ||Latvia declares its independence from Russia.|
|11 December:|| ||Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian author and historian, is born in Kislovodsk.|
|18 December:|| ||The United States Senate proposes the Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition.|
|21 December:|| ||Kurt Waldheim, Austrian politician, fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1972 to 1981, is born in Vienna.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|25 December:|| ||Anwar Sadat, third president of Egypt from 1970 until his assassination in 1981, is born in Mit Abu al-Kum, a village in the Nile Delta where his childhood home is now a museum.|
People in 1918
George Freeth, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Camille Saint-Saëns, Andrew Carnegie, Norman Lockyer, John D. Rockefeller, Claude Monet, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Antoni Gaudí, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra, Édith Piaf, Arthur C. Clarke and John F. Kennedy celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1918 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1822, 1833, 1839, 1850, 1861, 1867, 1878, 1889, 1895, 1901 and 1907 in the century before it and 1929, 1935, 1946, 1957, 1963, 1974, 1985, 1991, 2002 and 2013 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1918 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 21 May 2013.