< MCMXVI = 1916 >
Events in 1916
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|3 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rabbit makes room for the Year of the Dragon.|
|19 February:|| ||Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist and philosopher, dies in Munich the day after his 78th birthday.|
|21 February:|| ||The Battle of Verdun in France begins, lasting until 18 December.|
|3 March:|| ||The US Congress founds the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics NACA, precursor to NASA.|
|17 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|18 April:|| ||George Knapp of the American Harvey Hubbell company patents the grounded plug and socket.|
|23 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|30 April:|| ||Germany and Austria introduce Daylight Saving Time, moving 23:00 hours to 22:00, to save fuel for the war effort, quickly followed by Britain and many others countries from both sides.|
|11 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|19 June:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1334 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|1 July:|| ||The Battle of the Somme in France kickstarts with the blast of the “Lochnagar mine” by the Royal Engineer tunnelling companies of the British Army at 07:28 hours, creating the loudest man-made sound up till then, heard as far away as London, and rearranging the landscape forever.|
|15 July:|| ||The airplane manufacturing company Boeing is founded by William Boeing in Seattle.|
|19 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|23 July:|| ||William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who received the Nobel Prize in 1904 for his discovery of the noble gases, dies in High Wycombe at age 63.|
|5 September:|| ||“Intolerance: Love's Struggle Through the Ages” by D. W. Griffith, considered one of the great masterpieces of the silent film era, opens in American cinemas.|
|25 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|29 September:|| ||John D. Rockefeller, founder and chairman of Standard Oil, is the first person to own a personal fortune valued at 1 billion U.S. dollars.|
|7 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|19 November:|| ||The Goldwyn Pictures Corporation is established by Samuel Goldfish and Edgar Selwyn.|
|18 December:|| ||The Battle of Verdun in World War I ends after ten months when German forces, having suffered 337000 casualties, are defeated by the French and British.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1916
George Freeth, Camille Saint-Saëns, Andrew Carnegie, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, John D. Rockefeller, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Antoni Gaudí, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, Manfred von Richthofen, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten, Kees Stip, Yuri Andropov, Orson Welles, Frank Sinatra and Édith Piaf celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1916 was a leap year starting on a Saturday, just like 1820, 1848 and 1876 in the century before it and 1944, 1972 and 2000 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1916 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 21 May 2013.