< MCMXIV = 1914 >
Events in 1914
|14 January:|| ||Henry Ford introduces the assembly line to boost the production of T-Fords.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|26 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ox makes room for the Year of the Tiger.|
|2 February:|| ||Charles Chaplin debuts in the short comedy film “Making a Living”.|
|11 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|12 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|31 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|15 June:|| ||Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1982 until 1984, is born in Stanitsa Nagutskaya.|
|28 June:|| ||The assassination of Franz Ferdinand of Austria during a visit to Sarajevo marks the beginning of the First World War.|
|11 July:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1332 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|23 July:|| ||Austria-Hungary presents Serbia with an ultimatum.|
|28 July:|| ||Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia and bombards Belgrade.|
|1 Augustus:|| ||Germany declares war on Russia following Russia's mobilization in support of Serbia.|
|2 Augustus:|| ||German troops occupy Luxembourg.|
|3 Augustus:|| ||Germany declares war on Russia's ally France.|
|4 Augustus:|| ||Germany invades Belgium, the United Kingdom declares war.|
|5 Augustus:|| ||The American Traffic Signal Company installs an automatic traffic light on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio.|
|6 Augustus:|| ||Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.|
|10 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|15 Augustus:|| ||The Panama Canal linking the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean opens for business after ten years of digging.|
|30 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|17 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|2 November:|| ||Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.|
|9 November:|| ||Belgian surgeon Albert Hustin performs the first non-direct blood transfusion using sodium citrate to prevent clotting in the Sint-Janshospitaal in Brussel.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1914
George Freeth, Camille Saint-Saëns, Andrew Carnegie, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Antoni Gaudí, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, Manfred von Richthofen, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun, Alan Turing, Richard Nixon, Jesse Owens, Gerald Ford, Menachem Begin, Benjamin Britten and Kees Stip celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1914 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1818, 1829, 1835, 1846, 1857, 1863, 1874, 1885, 1891 and 1903 in the century before it and 1925, 1931, 1942, 1953, 1959, 1970, 1981, 1987, 1998 and 2009 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1914 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 May 2017.