< MCMXIII = 1913 >
Events in 1913
|7 January:|| ||American Standard Oil chemist William Burton patents the first thermal cracking process, doubling the amount of gasoline that can be extracted from crude oil.|
|9 January:|| ||Richard Nixon, 37th president of the United States, is born in Yorba Linda, California.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|6 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|23 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|21 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|27 April:|| ||Auguste Verneuil, French chemist who discovered the “flame fusion” process of making artificial rubies, dies at age 56.|
|11 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|29 May:|| ||“The Rite of Spring” by Russian composer Stravinsky premieres at the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, setting the standard for 20th century ballet.|
|14 July:|| ||Gerald Ford, the 38th president of the United States, is born Leslie Lynch King in Lamar, Missouri.|
|22 July:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1331 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|16 Augustus:|| ||Menachem Begin, sixth prime minister of Israel, is born in Brest in the Russian Empire.|
|21 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|25 Augustus:|| ||Kees Stip, Dutch writer, is born in Veenendaal.|
|28 Augustus:|| ||After six years of construction work, the Peace Palace in The Hague is inaugurated.|
|12 September:|| ||Jesse Owens, American athlete, is born James Cleveland Owens in Oakville, Alabama.|
|29 September:|| ||Rudolf Diesel, German engineer, inventor of the diesel engine, dies under mysterious circumstances at age 55 while crossing the English Channel.|
|10 October:|| ||During a ceremony American president Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, separating North and South America and creating the Panama Canal.|
|11 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|16 October:|| ||“Pygmalion: A Romance in Five Acts” by George Bernard Shaw premieres at the Hofburg Theatre in Vienna in a German translation by Shaw's Viennese literary agent Siegfried Trebitsch.|
|28 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|22 November:|| ||Benjamin Britten, English composer, is born in Lowestoft.|
|21 December:|| ||The first crossword puzzle appears in the New York World magazine.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1913
George Freeth, Camille Saint-Saëns, Andrew Carnegie, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Antoni Gaudí, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, Manfred von Richthofen, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli, U Thant, Wernher von Braun and Alan Turing celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1913 was a common year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1817, 1823, 1834, 1845, 1851, 1862, 1873, 1879, 1890 and 1902 in the century before it and 1919, 1930, 1941, 1947, 1958, 1969, 1975, 1986, 1997 and 2003 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1913 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 1 May 2017.