< MCMXII = 1912 >
Events in 1912
|1 January:|| ||The Republic of China is proclaimed to replace the Chinese Empire in the Xinhai Revolution.|
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|12 February:|| ||The Chinese Empire ends with the abdication of the last emperor Puyi.|
|18 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Pig makes room for the Year of the Rat.|
|22 February:|| ||The Dutch aircraft manufacturing company Fokker is founded by Anthony Fokker.|
|23 March:|| ||Wernher von Braun, German-American rocket scientist, is born in Wirsitz in the German Empire.|
|1 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|7 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|10 April:|| ||RMS “Titanic”, at the time the largest passengership in the world, sets off from Southampton in England to New York on her maiden voyage.|
|14 April:|| ||Four days into her maiden voyage across the Atlantic Ocean the largest passengership ever built RMS “Titanic” strikes an iceberg, drowning 1517 people when she sinks three hours later.|
|26 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|30 May:|| ||Wilbur Wright, American aviation pioneer, dies in Dayton, Ohio at age 45.|
|6 June:|| ||The largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century, rated 6 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, forms the Novarupta volcano in Alaska.|
|23 June:|| ||Alan Turing, English mathematician and computer scientist, is born in Maida Vale, London.|
|30 July:|| ||Meiji the Great, 122nd emperor of Japan, dies in Tokyo at age 59.|
|1 Augustus:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1330 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|31 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|21 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|6 November:|| ||German geophysicist Alfred Wegener publishes his first scientific article on Kontinentalverschiebung or continental drift.|
|7 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|28 November:|| ||After 400 years of Ottoman rule Albania declares independence during the First Balkan War.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1912
George Freeth, Camille Saint-Saëns, Andrew Carnegie, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Antoni Gaudí, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, Manfred von Richthofen, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Ayn Rand, Gerard Kuiper, Jean-Paul Sartre, Dag Hammarskjöld, Samuel Beckett, Leonid Brezhnev, Kurt Gödel, Edwin McMillan, Bette Davis, Herbert von Karajan, Willard Libby, Ian Fleming, Albert Broccoli and U Thant celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1912 was a leap year starting on a Monday, just like 1816, 1844 and 1872 in the century before it and 1940, 1968 and 1996 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1912 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 June 2018.