< MCMV = 1905 >
Events in 1905
|14 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 13 days.|
|26 January:|| ||The 3106.75 carats Cullinan diamond, named after mine owner Thomas Cullinan, is discovered at the Premier Mine near Pretoria, the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found to be cut into the Great Star of Africa and eight other jewels for the British king Edward VII.|
|2 February:|| ||Ayn Rand, Russian-American author, is born Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum in Saint Petersburg.|
|2 February:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|4 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dragon makes way for the Year of the Snake.|
|17 March:|| ||Albert Einstein submits his paper “On a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light” for publication in the Annalen der Physik, starting off his Annus Mirabilis.|
|24 March:|| ||Jules Verne, French author, pioneer in science fiction, dies in Amiens at age 77.|
|19 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|23 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|11 May:|| ||Albert Einstein submits his doctoral dissertation “On the Motion of Small Particles Suspended in a Stationary Liquid, as Required by the Molecular Kinetic Theory of Heat”.|
|9 June:|| ||Einstein's paper “On a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light” is published, the first of his four worldchanging Annus Mirabilis papers.|
|11 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|21 June:|| ||Jean-Paul Sartre, French writer, is born in Paris.|
|30 June:|| ||Albert Einstein submits the article “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” revealing his theory of special relativity.|
|18 July:|| ||Einstein's dissertation “On the Motion of Small Particles Suspended in a Stationary Liquid, as Required by the Molecular Kinetic Theory of Heat” is published, the second of his four worldchanging Annus Mirabilis papers.|
|29 July:|| ||Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish diplomat, second Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1953 until his death in 1961, is born in Jönköping.|
|26 September:|| ||Einstein's article “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” is published, the third of his four worldchanging Annus Mirabilis papers.|
|27 September:|| ||Albert Einstein submits the article “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” formulating the famous equation E = mc².|
|5 October:|| ||Wilbur Wright keeps the Wright Flyer III in the air for 39 minutes 23 seconds, flying 38.9 km and showing the benefits of a major redesign in September.|
|9 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|17 October:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1323 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|26 October:|| ||King Oscar II of Sweden renounces his claims to the throne of Norway, dissolving the union of 1814.|
|16 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|21 November:|| ||Einstein's article “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?” is published, the last of his four worldchanging Annus Mirabilis papers.|
|7 December:|| ||Gerard Kuiper, Dutch-American astronomer, is born in Tuitjenhorn.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1905
Hormuzd Rassam, George Freeth, Lord Kelvin, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Dmitri Mendeleev, Camille Saint-Saëns, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Paul Cézanne, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Edvard Grieg, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, Manfred von Richthofen, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff, Aldous Huxley, Jiddu Krishnamurti, Richard Buckminster Fuller, Trygve Lie, Paul VI, Joseph Goebbels, J. Slauerhoff, M.C. Escher, René Magritte, Alfred Hitchcock, Vladimir Nabokov, Hendrik Marsman, Gladwyn Jebb, Jan Oort, Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Walt Disney, Ernest Lawrence, Marlene Dietrich, Hirohito, Enrico Fermi, Charles Lindbergh, Puyi, Jan Campert, Belcampo, Louis Leakey, George Orwell, John von Neumann, Bob Hope, Salvador Dalí and J. Robert Oppenheimer celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1905 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1809, 1815, 1826, 1837, 1843, 1854, 1865, 1871, 1882, 1893 and 1899 in the century before it and 1911, 1922, 1933, 1939, 1950, 1961, 1967, 1978, 1989 and 1995 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1905 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 26 May 2013.