< MDCCCXCV = 1895 >
Events in 1895
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|26 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|14 February:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1312 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|16 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|20 March:|| ||Ludwig Schläfli, Swiss mathematician who developed the idea of multidimensionality, dies in Bern at age 81.|
|10 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|14 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|12 May:|| ||Jiddu Krishnamurti, Indian author and spiritual teacher, is born in the small town of Madanapalle.|
|23 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|25 May:|| ||Writer Oscar Wilde is sentenced to two years in prison for “committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons”.|
|2 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|10 June:|| ||At a private meeting the Lumière brothers show the first film portraying a fictional story, a 49 seconds long comedy titled “Le Jardinier” or “L' Arroseur Arrosé”.|
|25 June:|| ||Khalil Gibran, 12 years old, and his family leave their hometown Bisharri in Lebanon to migrate to New York.|
|12 July:|| ||Richard Buckminster Fuller, American inventor and futurist, is born in Milton, Massachusetts.|
|28 September:|| ||Louis Pasteur, French microbiologist who developed pasteurization, dies in Marnes-la-Coquette at age 72.|
|28 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|8 November:|| ||German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen creates X-rays, earning him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|28 December:|| ||The Lumière brothers produce the first commercial public screening of a motion picture in Paris.|
|29 December:|| ||The Jameson Raid in Transvaal fails to trigger the intended revolt, but inspires Rudyard Kipling to compose “If—”.|
People in 1895
Hormuzd Rassam, Giuseppe Verdi, Otto von Bismarck, Alexandrina Victoria, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, Manfred von Richthofen, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello, Mao Zedong, Nikita Khrushchev, Martinus Nijhoff and Aldous Huxley celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1895 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1799, 1805, 1811, 1822, 1833, 1839, 1850, 1861, 1867, 1878 and 1889 in the century before it and 1901, 1907, 1918, 1929, 1935, 1946, 1957, 1963, 1974, 1985 and 1991 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1895 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 29 June 2017.