< MDCCCXCIV = 1894 >
Events in 1894
|1 January:|| ||Heinrich Hertz, German physicist who clarified Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light, dies of an autoimmune disease in Bonn at age 36.|
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|19 January:|| ||Piet Paaltjens, Dutch poet, dies in Schiedam at age 58.|
|6 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Snake makes room for the Year of the Horse.|
|24 February:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1311 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|12 March:|| ||Eight years after its introduction as a softdrink available at soda fountains, the first bottles of Coca-Cola are sold in American stores, soon followed by first outdoor painted wall advertisements.|
|25 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|26 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|15 April:|| ||Nikita Khrushchev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, is born in Kalinovka in the Kursk Oblast.|
|20 April:|| ||Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet, is born in The Hague.|
|20 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|13 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|22 May:|| ||Werner von Siemens receives a patent for an electric railway.|
|2 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|23 June:|| ||A congress in Paris organized by French pedagogue and historian Pierre de Coubertin decides to found the International Olympic Committee IOC and hold the first Summer Olympics in two years time in Athens.|
|26 July:|| ||Aldous Huxley, British author, is born in Godalming.|
|10 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|1 November:|| ||In Moscow Nicholas II, aged 26, is crowned the last emperor of Russia and the last titular king of Poland.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1894
Hormuzd Rassam, Giuseppe Verdi, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Alexandrina Victoria, Louis Pasteur, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie, Charles de Gaulle, Ole Kirk Christiansen, Karl Dönitz, James Chadwick, Manfred von Richthofen, J.R.R. Tolkien, Francisco Franco, Tito, Haile Selassie, Hermann Göring, Ivor Novello and Mao Zedong celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1894 was a common year starting on a Monday, just like 1798, 1810, 1821, 1827, 1838, 1849, 1855, 1866, 1877 and 1883 in the century before it and 1900, 1906, 1917, 1923, 1934, 1945, 1951, 1962, 1973, 1979 and 1990 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1894 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 25 February 2018.