< MDCCCXCI = 1891 >
Events in 1891
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|9 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Tiger makes way for the Year of the Rabbit.|
|29 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|29 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1308 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|7 April:|| ||Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish carpenter, inventor of Lego, is born in Filskov.|
|24 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|28 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|5 May:|| ||Carnegie Hall opens in New York with a concert conducted by Damrosch and Tchaikovsky.|
|17 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|8 June:|| ||Giovanni Caselli, Italian physicist, inventor of the first practical facsimile machine or fax, dies in Florence at age 76.|
|5 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|16 September:|| ||Karl Dönitz, German admiral in World War II, successor of Hitler as Reichspräsident, is born in Berlin.|
|12 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|20 October:|| ||James Chadwick, English physisist, discoverer of the neutron in 1932, is born in Bollington.|
|7 November:|| ||The Shukhov cracking process for crude oil is patented in Russia.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1891
Hormuzd Rassam, George Biddell Airy, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Giuseppe Verdi, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Alexandrina Victoria, Louis Pasteur, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence, T. S. Eliot, Jawaharlal Nehru, Taha Hussein, Charlie Chaplin, Adolf Hitler, Edwin Hubble, Martin Heidegger, Anthony Fokker, Dwight Eisenhower, Agatha Christie and Charles de Gaulle celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1891 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1795, 1801, 1807, 1818, 1829, 1835, 1846, 1857, 1863, 1874 and 1885 in the century before it and 1903, 1914, 1925, 1931, 1942, 1953, 1959, 1970, 1981 and 1987 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1891 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 25 February 2018.