< MDCCCLXXXIX = 1889 >
Events in 1889
|8 January:|| ||US Patent 395782 is awarded to statistician Herman Hollerith for the method of compiling statistics using punch cards.|
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|31 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|15 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|16 April:|| ||Charlie Chaplin, English actor and director of the silent film era, is born in Walworth, London—or, according to people close to him, in a gipsy camp near Birmingham.|
|19 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1306 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|20 April:|| ||Adolf Hitler, German dictator, is born in Braunau am Inn in Austria.|
|21 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|6 May:|| ||In Paris the Eiffel Tower is opened to the public.|
|19 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|3 June:|| ||The transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast, enabling travel between Montreal and Vancouver in 6½ days.|
|9 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|26 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|23 September:|| ||Nintendo is founded as a company producing hanafuda playing cards by Fusajiro Yamauchi.|
|26 September:|| ||Martin Heidegger, German philosopher, is born in Meßkirch.|
|28 September:|| ||At the first General Conference on Weights and Measures in the last four days the kilogram is defined as the mass of the international prototype kilogram IPK, a cylinder made of 90% platinum and 10% iridium kept in a safe at the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in Sèvres, France.|
|5 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|11 October:|| ||James Joule, English physicist, discoverer of the first law of thermodynamics, dies at his home in Sale, Cheshire, at age 70.|
|14 November:|| ||Jawaharlal Nehru, first prime minister of India from 1947 until his death in 1964, is born in Allahabad.|
|14 November:|| ||Taha Hussein, Egyptian writer, is born in the village of Izbet el Kilo in central Upper Egypt.|
|19 November:|| ||Werner von Siemens patents an electric energy meter.|
|20 November:|| ||Edwin Hubble, American astronomer, is born in Marshfield, Missouri.|
|23 November:|| ||The first jukebox goes into operation at the Palais Royale Saloon in San Francisco.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1889
George Biddell Airy, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Giuseppe Verdi, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Alexandrina Victoria, Louis Pasteur, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset, Benito Mussolini, Harry S. Truman, Niels Bohr, David Ben-Gurion, Robert Schuman, P.N. van Eyck, Marc Chagall, J.C. Bloem, Erwin Schrödinger, Chiang Kai-shek, Chandrasekhara Raman, Andrei Tupolev, T.E. Lawrence and T. S. Eliot celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1889 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1793, 1799, 1805, 1811, 1822, 1833, 1839, 1850, 1861, 1867 and 1878 in the century before it and 1895, 1901, 1907, 1918, 1929, 1935, 1946, 1957, 1963, 1974 and 1985 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1889 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 18 January 2018.