< MDCCCLXXXIV = 1884 >
Events in 1884
|6 January:|| ||Gregor Mendel, Austrian scientist, considered the father of genetics, dies in Brno at age 61.|
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|28 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ram makes room for the Year of the Monkey.|
|10 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|13 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|8 May:|| ||Harry S. Truman, the 33rd president of the United States, is born in Lamar, Missouri.|
|12 May:|| ||Bedřich Smetana, Czech composer, dies in the Kateřinky Lunatic Asylum in Prague at age 60 after two years of developing insanity.|
|1 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|13 June:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1301 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|13 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|9 Augustus:|| ||Twentyfive electric lamps make San Jose in Costa Rica the first Latin American city to have street lights.|
|19 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|29 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|22 October:|| ||At the International Meridian Conference organized in Washington by American president Chester Arthur, delegates of twentyfive nations choose “the meridian passing through the centre of the transit instrument at the Observatory of Greenwich as the initial meridian for longitude”.|
|12 November:|| ||Public electric street lighting comes to continental Europe when 731 lamps are installed in the city of Timişoara in present-day Romania but then the Austrian Empire.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1884
George Biddell Airy, Victor Hugo, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Franz Liszt, Giuseppe Verdi, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, James Joule, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Louis Pasteur, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franz Kafka, John Maynard Keynes, Khalil Gibran, José Ortega y Gasset and Benito Mussolini celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1884 was a leap year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1788, 1828 and 1856 in the century before it and 1924, 1952 and 1980 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1884 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 April 2017.